Kontusz sash was considered to be the most colourful piece of gentry dress. The sash was popular since the mid-16th century, but it gained particular significance in the 18th century (it was also then that the tying of the sash changed in a way to highlight its ends).
W styczniu 1948 roku dwudziestojednolatek z dorobkiem kilkudziesięciu prac i udziałem w dwóch studenckich wystawach pisał tak: „Każdy malarz i naukowiec w Krakowie to mąż + prowodyr czy sekretarz + lew salonowy + ojciec domu i głowa rodziny + fachowy + twórca. Moją ambicją jest być: stary kawaler + twórca”. Jego wyrazisty „samorząd wewnętrzny” oparty na dyscyplinie myślenia i postrzegania, odrzucał przeciętność, bylejakość i kompromisy sprowadzające artystę do „automatu czynnościowego”. Niespełna trzy tygodnie wcześniej o sobie samym zanotował: „Jestem synem, Polakiem, inteligentem, wielokrotnym kolegą, przechodniem i pocieszycielem”. Oto Andrzej Wróblewski (ur. 1927, Wilno – zm. 1957, Tatry) – towarzysz, obywatel, komunista, kandydat do Partii, asystent na Wydziale Malarstwa krakowskiej Akademii Sztuk Pięknych, odznaczony Medalem X-lecia Polski Ludowej. Historyk i krytyk sztuki, przejściowo socrealista. Mąż i ojciec.
Could Tadeusz Kościuszko, the famous leader of the Uprising in 1794, have been a painter? In the National Museum in Kraków, there are nudes made with a red-brown chalk (so-called sanguine) and watercolour panoramas of Rome painted by Kościuszko.
In the inter-war period, the art of kilim making was at its prime. The achievements of Polish artists gained recognition at the Paris International Decorative Art Show in 1925. On the one hand, it was widely believed that it was necessary to draw on folk culture and, on the other, creatively process the patterns.
Why are there difficulties with dating Piotr Michałowski’s works? As a wealthy person, the artist did not put his works on sale. Consequently, he did not put signatures or dates on his works, making it difficult to ascertain the chronology of their production.
Could the toy that is seen in the background on the portrait of Józef Mehoffer’s wife have been manufactured in one of the Myślenice workshops? The picture was painted in 1904. It reflects the scene from...
The events took place in Paris, near the famous big wheel – a huge Ferris wheel – called La Grande Roue (later immortalised in the picture Fencing). It was Sunday, 6 April 1914. At 11:15, Leon Chwistek and Władysław Dunin-Borkowski faced each other, along with peers and colleagues from their studies at the Kraków Academy of Fine Arts. They had both found themselves in Paris to continue their studies: Chwistek – drawing, and Borkowski – painting. Both were also involved in the activities of the Paris-based paramilitary division of the Polish Riflemen’s Association, which was the basis of the Polish Legions of Józef Piłsudski, which they both soon joined.
Pięćdziesiąt lat życia Marii Jaremy obejmowało mniej więcej pierwszą połowę dwudziestego stulecia. Pół wieku to niewiele. Jednak przez większość tego czasu artystka przyglądała się krytycznie kalejdoskopowi „-izmów” i włączała się aktywnie w najbardziej postępowe nurty sztuki. „Zawsze w awangardzie” – stwierdził po jej śmierci Henryk Stażewski. Krótkie życie Jaremianki rekompensuje intensywność wyrazu jej prac. Maria Jarema była rzeźbiarką i malarką, projektowała kostiumy i scenografię do spektakli teatralnych, występowała też na scenie. Sprawy artystyczne łączyła z zaangażowaniem społecznym. Jej magnetyczna osobowość, w połączeniu z odwagą poglądów i konsekwencją w podążaniu raz obraną drogą, przeszły do legendy.
The legendary wings that stimulated the imagination of film-makers, painters and many others were characteristic decorations of the hussar armour.
What tales were engraved on the surface of the goblet? Who are the characters depicted on the dish? Thanks to the 3D technique, by turning the goblet, you can read the entire biblical story recorded in the Old Testament Book of Judges. We invite you to read and wander through the details and secrets of this precious object.
The custom of creating death masks of important figures became especially popular in the 19th century, although the very tradition of creating such likenesses can be traced back to ancient Rome, where wax casts of the emperor’s face (effigies) were presented for public viewing. According to common practice...
Konstanty Laszczka (1865–1956) seems to have been less famous than his contemporary Young Poland artists, with many of whom he befriended and portrayed in his works. Was his style not original enough?
Is it possible to dry a body in a herbarium? I will ask more expressively: Is it possible to dry a living body in a herbarium? Or even more clearly: Is it possible to dry the body of your own adolescent son in a herbarium?
Adoration of the Child was shown in Kraków for the first time in 1882. Under the painting, there is a plate with the name of the author — Gaudenzio Ferrari. As it turned out later, the exhibition organised as part of a charity campaign by Katarzyna Potocka contributed not only to increasing the funds of the Charitable Association…
The cult of saints caused reliquaries to be treated in a special way in the Middle Ages. They served as housing for objects of worship – the remains of saints and martyrs or objects which had come into contact with holiness, which is why considerable attention was paid to their construction using precious metals and beautifully decoration. They were often inlaid with expensive stones.
Tadeusz Boy-Żeleński had a unique opportunity not only to get to know Wyspiański, but also to sit on the furniture designed by this Kraków artist on a daily basis. How did he assess the suite designed for the lounge? Years later, he recalled: “Only once did we dare protest and only after a lengthy argument about who would...
For Japan, the Edo epoch (1600–1868), under shogunate rule, was a time of isolation from all external influences, but also a time of prosperity and peace, solidified by the established social order (in a highly hierarchical society, everyone played a specific role – samurais constituted the most privileged class of the bakufu).
The year 1913 signalled the transition from theory to practice in Polish pattern-design, the origins of which date back to the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In Kraków, a group of artists, craftsmen and architects joined forces with the Society of Polish Applied Arts to create the Kraków Workshops Association.
Recognising Wyspiański’s genius, Boy-Żeleński joked that if he were asked to design a locomotive, as a complete artist, he would have scrupulously brought the completed design on the next day. It is no wonder then that furniture became one of the fields of his activity.
Brocading (from the French word brocher) is a technique involving the introduction of an additional metal thread (gold or silver) or silk thread into the fabric. This thread passed through the width of the fabric only at the spot where the ornament appeared, thus creating a pattern.