Minimalism of style and verbal content, linked by an ingenious concept. The drawings allude to social, economic and artistic issues. The stance is critical: witty but also marked by bitterness.
Marceli Harasimowicz was born in 1859. He spent his childhood as an émigré in Switzerland and Paris. In 1872, together with his brother and mother, he returned to Poland, where during the period 1873–1879 he studied at the School of Fine Arts in Kraków.
Jan Bukowski (1873–1943) according to the Dictionary of Polish Artists , studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków during the period 1893–1900. He attended the workshops of such famous artists as Władysław Łuszczkiewicz, Teodor Axentowicz, Leon Wyczółkowski and Jacek Malczewski. The presented drawing is signed is signed with the “BJ” monogram. Since the study of a woman’s bust from plaster cast of ancient statue has been preserved in the collection of the Academy of Fine Arts as a awarded student’s work, it should be presumed that the drawing was made during the studies of Bukowski in the School of Fine Arts, during the period 1882–1895.
The presented pencil drawing by Jan Matejko is a sketch for the painting entitled Długosz and St. Kazimierz which was eventually left unpainted. On his paintings, Matejko often presented historical topics from the reign of the Jagiellonians. One can mention, among others, such paintings as: Stańczyk during a ball at the court of Queen Bona, in the face of the loss of Smolensk (1862), Union of Lublin (1869), The Hanging of the Sigismund bell (1874), or Prussian Homage (1880–1882).
The drawing is a preparatory study for the oil painting by Jan Matejko Stefan Batory at Pskov, which can be found in the collection of the Royal Castle in Warsaw. The painting was completed in 1872, and the artist began sketching it three years earlier. This work loosely refers to the events of the three war campaigns against Moscow conducted over the years 1577–1581 by King Stefan Batory.
The sketch is probably a portrait study of Marian Gorzkowski. It shows a middle-aged man, with a thin face covered with wrinkles depicted as a bust. The man has a beard and moustache. He is probably dressed in a frock coat, which was a formal visiting outfit introduced in the 19th century. This is indicated by the widened lapels of the double-breasted long jacket, which was then popular among men, visible in the portrait. However, the artist focused primarily on rendering the facial features of the portrayed person.
Antoni Julian Gasper Gierowski was born on 4 July 1860 in Wielgomłyny in the Radomsko district. He was educated at the Kraków School of Fine Arts in 1878–1883 and later at the Munich Academy. The painter died prematurely in 1888...