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“The album of plants and animals”

The preserved collection of paintings, called, The album of plants and animals, is identified as the representations of plants and animals which are known from a source text and were purchased for the School of Drawing and Painting by the painter Józef Peszka. A document has been preserved in the archives of the Jagiellonian University, in which Peszka enumerates the items purchased for the school in 1920. In the list, under number 7, he wrote: “A collection of oil-painted animals and birds and flowers on a thick folio paper 30 pieces PLN 540”.

Carved perfume bottles

Both the perfume bottles have been made of bovine bone and decorated with scenes carved in a very precise manner. The darker bottle, in the shape of a vial with flattened sides, depicts a figure with a fan in a Chinese garden on both of its sides. In the background, there is a pagoda, a garden fence, a tree and, in the foreground, there is a shrub with flowers. In one of the depictions, the figure with a fan is leaning over flowers, and in the other, it rests under a tree, admiring the garden vegetation.

Bottle with “KAMELIA” floral water

The perfume bottle has the form of a cuboidal decanter with a thick neck and a glass stopper. It is made of colourless glass. The stopper is cut in a flower shape. Inside the bottle, there is a dried flower. At the base of the front side – a triangular label with the inscription: “Millana / woda kwiatowa / MILANÓWEK.”

Perfume bottle with a floral miniature and a gilded Régence ornament

The presented porcelain bottle with a fancy form is richly decorated with painted floral motifs and Rococo-style gildings. The body of the bottle rests on a large base formed by volutes flowing down and connected by acanthus leaves. The widest part of the bottle is decorated with a sophisticated floral composition.

Porcelain perfume bottle in the shape of a heart

A porcelain perfume bottle in the shape of a heart, with a neck featuring a metal finish and a cap. The body of the vessel is decorated with a red painted stripe on the side and an arcade ornament hand-painted in gold.

Cobalt-coloured bottle with gilding and a miniature painting depicting flowers

A pear-shaped porcelain perfume bottle decorated with fancy handles located on the sides of its body. The body of the vessel is coloured in cobalt. One side of the body features a small field with a miniature painting depicting a flower bouquet...

Porcelain perfume bottle with hand-painted floral ornaments

The porcelain perfume bottle has the form of a small decanter with a stopper. It is decorated with hand-painted floral ornaments and delicate gilding. The polygonal body of the bottle is alternately divided into rectangles filled with celadon paint and large fields...

Porcelain perfume bottle with hand-painted flowers

The porcelain perfume bottle has the form of a small decanter with a stopper. It is decorated with hand-painted floral ornaments and gilding. The polygonal body of the bottle, similar to a cube in form with bevelled corners...

Vessel with an openwork lid for potpourri compositions made from dried flowers

This porcelain vase in the form of an urn, with openings in the lid, is intended for storing potpourris, i.e. scented mixtures made from dried herbs and flowers. This vessel with a circular cross-section and a body expanding at the top is covered by a lid with tear-shaped openings, crowned by a handle in the form of a flower bud.

Vase for compositions made from dried flowers

This porcelain vase takes the form of a cup-shaped urn with holes in the lid. The dish is designed for making compositions from dried flowers. Its large, hemispherical body rests on a multi-stage stand with a circular cross-section, based on a square with bevelled corners.

Porcelain bottle with an ornamentation composed of flower sprigs

A porcelain perfume bottle with the form of a rectangular decanter whose sides are arced at the top. The vessel’s edges are decorated with a convex gilded ornament resembling the weave of a twisted rope.

Fan with a romantic scene

The fan is made of paper, with an ivory handle and ribbing. On the paper, there are scenes drawn using a visual technique, painted with gouache. The main scene on the fan shows a couple embracing on a bridge in an English garden. At the couple’s feet, a cupid is pointing to a rose. An expansive landscape including an aerial view, turning into an amply painted gold ornament featuring vegetal tendrils with purple flowers constitutes the scene’s background.

Fan with a tortoiseshell holder

The fan is made of paper/leather, painted to show depictions of garden scenes in three separate fields. In the central, largest field, a scene containing a depiction of drinking tea in a garden has been painted. Two ladies are talking with an officer in a blue uniform at a set table. In the background, a garden wall and vegetation are visible.

Perfume bottles with floral motives

The perfume bottle made of milk glass has the form of a decanter with an elongated neck. The body of the vessel, extending at the top, smoothly runs into a neck topped by a flange, on which triple profiling in the form of rings is visible.

Porcelain vessel decorated with garlands

An extremely impressive vessel in the form of a vase with floral garlands instead of handles, made of porcelain. The shape of the vessel with a large body expanding at the top is overshadowed by the rich visual decoration featuring floral patterns. The flowers are made of a porcelain mass with sculptural qualities, supplementing them with painted illusionistic compositions. The vessel has no lid.

Teresa Murak, “Third Crop”

The work visualises the process of growth, maturing and decay. Simultaneously, it carries a natural association with the traditional Polish Easter custom of growing from seed water cress, which thus becomes a symbol of new life. The work is also permeated with the longing to be at one with nature, also present in the artist’s other works.

“Ise-katagami” dyeing stencil with a motif of “momiji” maple leaves and branches

A kimono is one of the first things that comes to mind when we think of Japan. We always see those traditional dresses exquisitely decorated with painted or embroidered designs. Each of them is decorated with the most beautiful and elegant patterns. However, there are also everyday kimonos with repeating, small patterns of flowers, birds, fans and other motifs. They are made using stencils such as the Ise-katagami, which the Japanese have been creating for centuries.

“Flower” calligraphy by Chuei Sekiguchi (alias Kyōso)

From the dawn of history, the Japanese have observed nature carefully. The elements of nature, including various flowers with their symbolic meaning, became frequent motifs used in art and ornamentation. To this day, these natural phenomena are reflected in Japanese customs and traditions. An old custom hanami (in Japanese watching flowers) is still hugely popular when, in spring, whole families have picnics under blossoming cherry trees.

Jagiellonian tapestry “Turkeys”

Verdures – tapestries presenting animals in a lanscape setting – are a large subset within the collection of Sigismund II Augustus. They can be divided into three groups. Turkeys is a part of a set of sixteen textiles in the shape of a horizontal rectangle. Central area is framed only by a narrow border of interweaving ribbons and flowers. They present animals commonly known in Europe, as well as exotic ones, such as turkeys, which were brought to Europe from America at that time. All the creatures are depicted amid the scenery of a Central European forest, in which, apart from the oaks, ivies and reeds typical of this region, there are fig trees and grapevines can.

Chair Upholstery Tapestry with a Bouquet of Flowers

This small tapestry belongs to a group of textiles intended as chair upholstery. It shows a colourful bouquet of flowers in a vase decorated with animal masks and small golden garlands. The flowers in the vase are probably large two-coloured irises interwoven with blooms of clematis with dark green leaves. The composition is complemented with blue periwinkles. In the corners of the tapestry, lion masks are placed on the border of interwoven ribbons filled with a floral ornament. The border ornament is characteristic of the entire collection.