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“The album of plants and animals”

The preserved collection of paintings, called, The album of plants and animals, is identified as the representations of plants and animals which are known from a source text and were purchased for the School of Drawing and Painting by the painter Józef Peszka. A document has been preserved in the archives of the Jagiellonian University, in which Peszka enumerates the items purchased for the school in 1920. In the list, under number 7, he wrote: “A collection of oil-painted animals and birds and flowers on a thick folio paper 30 pieces PLN 540”.

Perfume bottles with floral motives

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Carved perfume bottles

Both the perfume bottles have been made of bovine bone and decorated with scenes carved in a very precise manner. The darker bottle, in the shape of a vial with flattened sides, depicts a figure with a fan in a Chinese garden on both of its sides. In the background, there is a pagoda, a garden fence, a tree and, in the foreground, there is a shrub with flowers. In one of the depictions, the figure with a fan is leaning over flowers, and in the other, it rests under a tree, admiring the garden vegetation.

Fan with a romantic scene

The fan is made of paper, with an ivory handle and ribbing. On the paper, there are scenes drawn using a visual technique, painted with gouache. The main scene on the fan shows a couple embracing on a bridge in an English garden. At the couple’s feet, a cupid is pointing to a rose. An expansive landscape including an aerial view, turning into an amply painted gold ornament featuring vegetal tendrils with purple flowers constitutes the scene’s background.

Fan with a tortoiseshell holder

The fan is made of paper/leather, painted to show depictions of garden scenes in three separate fields. In the central, largest field, a scene containing a depiction of drinking tea in a garden has been painted. Two ladies are talking with an officer in a blue uniform at a set table. In the background, a garden wall and vegetation are visible.

Porcelain perfume bottle in the shape of a heart

A porcelain perfume bottle in the shape of a heart, with a neck featuring a metal finish and a cap. The body of the vessel is decorated with a red painted stripe on the side and an arcade ornament hand-painted in gold.

Bottle with “KAMELIA” floral water

The perfume bottle has the form of a cuboidal decanter with a thick neck and a glass stopper. It is made of colourless glass. The stopper is cut in a flower shape. Inside the bottle, there is a dried flower. At the base of the front side – a triangular label with the inscription: “Millana / woda kwiatowa / MILANÓWEK.”

Porcelain bottle with an ornamentation composed of flower sprigs

A porcelain perfume bottle with the form of a rectangular decanter whose sides are arced at the top. The vessel’s edges are decorated with a convex gilded ornament resembling the weave of a twisted rope.

Cobalt-coloured bottle with gilding and a miniature painting depicting flowers

A pear-shaped porcelain perfume bottle decorated with fancy handles located on the sides of its body. The body of the vessel is coloured in cobalt. One side of the body features a small field with a miniature painting depicting a flower bouquet...

Porcelain vessel decorated with garlands

An extremely impressive vessel in the form of a vase with floral garlands instead of handles, made of porcelain. The shape of the vessel with a large body expanding at the top is overshadowed by the rich visual decoration featuring floral patterns. The flowers are made of a porcelain mass with sculptural qualities, supplementing them with painted illusionistic compositions. The vessel has no lid.

Vessel with an openwork lid for potpourri compositions made from dried flowers

This porcelain vase in the form of an urn, with openings in the lid, is intended for storing potpourris, i.e. scented mixtures made from dried herbs and flowers. This vessel with a circular cross-section and a body expanding at the top is covered by a lid with tear-shaped openings, crowned by a handle in the form of a flower bud.

Vase for compositions made from dried flowers

This porcelain vase takes the form of a cup-shaped urn with holes in the lid. The dish is designed for making compositions from dried flowers. Its large, hemispherical body rests on a multi-stage stand with a circular cross-section, based on a square with bevelled corners.

Perfume bottle with a floral miniature and a gilded Régence ornament

The presented porcelain bottle with a fancy form is richly decorated with painted floral motifs and Rococo-style gildings. The body of the bottle rests on a large base formed by volutes flowing down and connected by acanthus leaves. The widest part of the bottle is decorated with a sophisticated floral composition.

Porcelain perfume bottle with hand-painted flowers

The porcelain perfume bottle has the form of a small decanter with a stopper. It is decorated with hand-painted floral ornaments and gilding. The polygonal body of the bottle, similar to a cube in form with bevelled corners...

Porcelain perfume bottle with hand-painted floral ornaments

The porcelain perfume bottle has the form of a small decanter with a stopper. It is decorated with hand-painted floral ornaments and delicate gilding. The polygonal body of the bottle is alternately divided into rectangles filled with celadon paint and large fields...

Over-Window Tapestry with Figures Holding Cornuncopias

The tapestry has been preserved in two parts. Like other arcade tapestries of this type, which were designed to be put up above window recesses, it was damaged when it was kept in Russia in the nineteenth century. At that time, its central section was cut out. In both sections of the textile, a goddess is shown with a palm wreath on her head. The seated figure holds a cornucopia in her hands, which allows us to identify her as Ceres, the Roman goddess of the harvest.

Chair Upholstery Tapestry with a Bouquet of Flowers

This small tapestry belongs to a group of textiles intended as chair upholstery. It shows a colourful bouquet of flowers in a vase decorated with animal masks and small golden garlands. The flowers in the vase are probably large two-coloured irises interwoven with blooms of clematis with dark green leaves. The composition is complemented with blue periwinkles. In the corners of the tapestry, lion masks are placed on the border of interwoven ribbons filled with a floral ornament. The border ornament is characteristic of the entire collection.

Chair Covering Tapestry with the Monogram of Sigismund Augustus

One of six furniture tapestries in the shape of a horizontal rectangle with the SA initials of the King. It belongs to a group of textiles used to cover chairs. Eleven of such textiles have been preserved to this day (others were decorated with bouquets of flowers in vases). The small horizontal tapestries were used as backrests of furniture. The initials under a closed crown, woven with a gold thread, were placed in a blue field surrounded by an oval wreath. On the axis of the field, at the top and bottom, there are two masks – a singing one and a sleeping one. Slender vases with bouquets of fruit and flowers (columbines and anemones) are placed on the sides.

Tapestry with Satyrs Holding Up a Cartouche with the Monogram of Sigismund Augustus

Two satyrs hold a blue shield with a decorative monogram SA (Sigismundus Augustus) of King Sigismund Augustus. The cartouche is topped with a closed crown. The mythological deities stand in a frame of richly ornamented strips of wood, curved in an arc, against a forest landscape. The deity which can be seen on the left of the shield has a wreath of vine on its head and is girded with a vine with clusters of ripe grapes.

Tapestry with the Monogram of Sigismund Augustus in Medallion

A tapestry of the same size and the same function as the tapestry with the Monogram of Sigismund Augustus in Cartouche. It belongs to a group of three monogram grotesques with the initials SA inscribed within an oval medallion. In the middle of the composition, there is a blue convex medallion with the entwined initials SA under a closed crown, placed against a background of a drapery supported by two angels sitting on crosspieces of a metal frame (a motif typical of Netherlandish grotesque).