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“The stalls in the Corpus Christi church in Kraków” by Jacek Malczewski

Jacek Malczewski began systematic studies at the Kraków School of Fine Arts in the middle of 1873. His first teachers were Władysław Łuszczkiewicz, a historical painter and a well-known art historian, and Feliks Szynalewski. His education was also overseen by Jan Matejko, to whom Malczewski was very attentive.

Anatomical study of muscles

Ferdynand Olesiński, from a family of Wieliczka [the centre of salt mining] miners, was educated during the period 1871–1883 at the Kraków School of Fine Arts under the direction of Florian Cynk, Leopold Loeffler, Feliks Szynalewski, Henryk Grabowski, Izydor Jabłoński, and above all Jan Matejko and Władysław Łuszczkiewicz. He was a distinguished student who won praise and rewards.

“Male nude figure” by Stanisław Wyspiański

The young man’s nude figure drawing was created during Stanisław Wyspiański’s stay in Paris in 1892. Wyspiański was then a third-year student at the Kraków Academy of Fine Arts and he completed supplementary studies in Paris.

“Niobe’s Head” – a study of antique plaster cast

Samuel Hirszenberg studied at the Kraków Academy of Fine Arts under Feliks Szynalewski, Izydor Jabłoński, and Władysław Łuszczkiewicz since 1881. In February 1882, in the second term of his studies, being an extremely talented student, he was moved up to the second year by the professors. At the same time, he proved his abilities...

“Audience of a Polish envoy before the Ottoman Sultan” by Lucjan Wędrychowski

The presented image from the collections of the Museum of the Kraków Academy of Fine Arts is untypical of Wędrychowski. It presents an unspecified Polish legation in audience at the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. The characters costumes and interior refer to the 17th and 18th centuries. The scene takes place in a faithfully devoted real interior – Arz Odası, the auditorium of the Topkapi Palace in Istanbul. MEPs according to the Turkish custom have their own costumes put on special caftans in which the deputies were dressed before visiting the grand vizier or sultan. This richly decorated attire was highly desirable by Polish visitors.

"Gaius Claudius Marcellus", also known as "Germanicus" – a plaster cast of an antique figure

The present plaster cast of an antique statue is a copy of the original marble statue kept in the Louvre (Musée de Louvre, Department of Greek, Etruscan and Roman antiquities, Inventory No. MR 315 (Ma 1207). In the seventeenth century, the statue was placed in the gardens of Pope Sixtus V in Rome, and then in Villa Montalto-Negroni. The statue was then deemed to be a likeness of Germanicus (Gaius Claudius Drusus Caesar Germanicus, 15 BC–19 AD). In 1685, through the agency of the painter Nicolas Poussin in Rome, it was purchased by the king of France, Louis XIV. Then it was restored by François Girardon (1628–1715) and placed in the Palace of Versailles, in the Hall of Mirrors.

“Study of a male nude figure with a fig leaf and a sabre” by Ferdynand Bryll

Ferdynand Bryll, painter, portraitist, conservator and illustrator, was born in 1863 in Kraków. During the period 1876–1884 he studied at the Kraków School of Fine Arts. In the course of his studies, in 1882, at the request of Jan Matejko, he assisted Henryk Rodakowski during his work on the frieze in the parliamentary chamber in Lviv. Even before his studies, he learned towards portrait painting at the studio of Andrzej Grabowski, which opened in Kraków in 1855.

“Naked young man” a study of an antique sculpture plaster cast by Władysław Rossowski

Władysław Rossowski was born in 1857 in Monastyryska near Buczacz (now Buchach in Ukraine). He was a brother of Stanisław Rossowski – a poet, writer and journalist, and father of Tadeusz – a cartoonist and painter. In 1872–1873 he attended Higher Real School in Kraków and in 1873–1874 he studied in Lviv, where he took the matriculation exam. After passing, he studied painting at the Kraków School of Fine Arts from 1874 to 1884.

“An anatomical study of a male figure” by Jacek Malczewski

The presented drawing from the collection of the Academy of Fine Arts was awarded by the professors of the School of Fine Arts and was awarded first place by the authorities of the Kraków Society of Friends of Fine Arts, along with a sum of 30 guilders.

“Study of the ancient bust” by Wilhelm Moszyński

Little is known about Wilhelm Moszyński. He was born in Zaborów and died prematurely probably before the end of 1885. During the period 1875–1880 he was a student at the Kraków School of Fine Arts.

“Study of a young boy’s bust” by Antoni Jezierski

Antoni Jezierski was born in 1859 in Ikhrovytsa in the former Tarnopol district (now Ukraine). After finishing lower secondary school in Lviv, in 1878–1882 he studied at the Kraków School of Fine Arts. During the study at the School of Fine Arts, Jezierski’s works won 4 awards. The young painter also received a scholarship, thanks to which he was able to travel to Italy, where he visited Venice, Bologna, Florence and Rome. During his stay in Italy, Jezierski copied frescos and paintings. After returning to Kraków during the period 1884–1887, he continued his studies at the School of Fine Arts at the composition school of Jan Matejko. In 1890, thanks to another scholarship, he continued his education at the Munich academy. After returning to Poland, he created works in various cities in Russia. He died in 1939 in Lviv.

“Apollino – study of an ancient sculpture cast” by Emanuel Herncisz

Emanuel Edmund Herncisz (1858–1885) w latach 1874–1882 studiował w krakowskiej Szkole Sztuk Pięknych u Władysława Łuszczkiewicza, Leopolda Loefflera i Jana Matejki. Dzięki stypendium rządu austriackiego, po zakończeniu nauki w Krakowie, w latach 1882–1883 Herncisz uzupełnił wykształcenie na akademii w Monachium. W roku 1883 artysta odbył podróż do Włoch, gdzie planował wrócić z Sewerynem Bieszczadem, żeby podjąć studia malarskie. Plany artysty zniweczyła gruźlica, która dwa lata później doprowadziła do jego śmierci.

“Old man’s bust – a study of an ancient sculpture cast” by Marceli Harasimowicz

Marceli Harasimowicz was born in 1859. He spent his childhood as an émigré in Switzerland and Paris. In 1872, together with his brother and mother, he returned to Poland, where during the period 1873–1879 he studied at the Kraków School of Fine Arts

Fragment of a decorative fabric – a prop from the School of Fine Arts

A fragment of decorative fabric was used as a prop in the Kraków Academy of Fine Arts – at the school of historical painting of Jan Matejko.

“Portrait study of a boy’s head” by Antoni Gierowski

Antoni Julian Gasper Gierowski was born on 4 July 1860 in Wielgomłyny in the Radomsko district. He was educated at the Kraków School of Fine Arts in 1878–1883 and later at the Munich Academy. The painter died prematurely in 1888...

“Study of a female bust from the cast of an ancient sculpture” by Jan Bukowski

Jan Bukowski (1873–1943) according to the Dictionary of Polish Artists , studied at the Kraków Academy of Fine Arts during the period 1893–1900. He attended the workshops of such famous artists as Władysław Łuszczkiewicz, Teodor Axentowicz, Leon Wyczółkowski and Jacek Malczewski. The presented drawing is signed is signed with the “BJ” monogram. Since the study of a woman’s bust from plaster cast of ancient statue has been preserved in the collection of the Academy of Fine Arts as a awarded student’s work, it should be presumed that the drawing was made during the studies of Bukowski in the School of Fine Arts, during the period 1882–1895.

Portrait of Konstanty Felicjan Szaniawski, Bishop of Kraków, by Józef Brodowski the elder

Konstanty Felicjan Szaniawski was a Lithuanian referendary, and bishop of Kujawy and Kraków. Having been involved in politics, he participated in diplomatic negotiations and in domestic negotiations concerning army and treasury, aimed at calming the situation in the country. On his initiative, the seminary in Kraków was built and the Higher Theological Seminary in Kielce was established. He was one of the wealthiest bishops of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Chain with a cross – a prop from the School of Fine Arts

The presented chain with a cross was used as a prop in the Kraków Academy of Fine Arts – at the school of historical painting of Jan Matejko.

Interior view of the Franciscan cloisters in Kraków

Ferdynand Olesiński received the second competition prize of 20 guilders in 1875, awarded by the management of the Society of Friends of Fine Arts for a perspective drawing. Olesiński then made a pencil sketch depicting the cloisters at the Franciscan church in Kraków. Perspective drawing was one of the subjects taught at the second branch of the Kraków School of Fine Arts. The students also learned drawing still life, copying and drawing head contours.

“A man’s head” – a study in casting antique sculpture

Antoni Jezierski (1859–1939) is one of Jan Matejko’s students. He studied in 1878–1882 at the Kraków School of Fine Arts and then, after returning from a scholarship in Italy, he enrolled in 1884 at the Composition Section run by Jan Matejko.