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Painting “Helenka with a Vase” by Stanisław Wyspiański

Portraits of children occupy a special place in Wyspiański’s artistic oeuvre. Without the unnecessary sentimentalism, treated in a natural, affectionate manner with a great dose of sensitivity and realism, and captured in new and unexpected depictions, they refreshed the usual connotations related to this genre.

“Study of a young boy’s bust” by Antoni Jezierski

Antoni Jezierski was born in 1859 in Ikhrovytsa in the former Tarnopol district (now Ukraine). After finishing lower secondary school in Lviv, in 1878–1882 he studied at the School of Fine Arts in Kraków. During the study at the School of Fine Arts, Jezierski’s works won 4 awards. The young painter also received a scholarship, thanks to which he was able to travel to Italy, where he visited Venice, Bologna, Florence and Rome. During his stay in Italy, Jezierski copied frescos and paintings. After returning to Kraków during the period 1884–1887, he continued his studies at the School of Fine Arts at the composition school of Jan Matejko. In 1890, thanks to another scholarship, he continued his education at the Munich academy. After returning to Poland, he created works in various cities in Russia. He died in 1939 in Lviv.

Painting “Szymanowski's portrait” by Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz

Karol Szymanowski met Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz in Zakopane in the summer of 1904. The acquaintance quickly turned into many years of friendship. In March and April 1905, they travelled around Italy together and met in Zakopane on many occasions. Szymanowski dedicated his I Piano Sonata in C minor Op. 8 composed in the period 1903—1904 “to Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz” (it was published in print in 1910).

“Niobe’s Head” by Samuel Hirszenberg

Samuel Hirszenberg studied at the Kraków Academy of Fine Arts under Feliks Szynalewski, Izydor Jabłoński, and Władysław Łuszczkiewicz since 1881. In February 1882, in the second term of his studies, being an extremely talented student, he was moved up to the second year by the professors. At the same time, he proved his abilities...

“Male nude figure” by Stanisław Wyspiański

The young man’s nude figure drawing was created during Stanisław Wyspiański’s stay in Paris in 1892. Wyspiański was then a third-year student at the Kraków Academy of Fine Arts and he completed supplementary studies in Paris.

“Portrait study of Marian Gorzkowski” by Jan Matejko

The sketch is probably a portrait study of Marian Gorzkowski. It shows a middle-aged man, with a thin face covered with wrinkles depicted as a bust. The man has a beard and moustache. He is probably dressed in a frock coat, which was a formal visiting outfit introduced in the 19th century. This is indicated by the widened lapels of the double-breasted long jacket, which was then popular among men, visible in the portrait. However, the artist focused primarily on rendering the facial features of the portrayed person.

“Male nude figure” by Adam Ciopcio-Siemianowicz

Adam Siemianowicz (family name: Ciopcio) was born in 1902 in Orenburg on the Ural River in the Russian Empire. The future painter was the son of Szymon Ciopcio and Julia née Abramik, peasants from Podlasie exiled to the Urals in 1888. The boy began to paint while still in Orenburg. At that time, he usually painted postimpressionism-styled landscapes.

A sketch for the painting “Stefan Batory at Pskov” by Jan Matejko

The drawing is a preparatory study for the oil painting by Jan Matejko Stefan Batory at Pskov, which can be found in the collection of the Royal Castle in Warsaw. The painting was completed in 1872, and the artist began sketching it three years earlier. This work loosely refers to the events of the three war campaigns against Moscow conducted over the years 1577–1581 by King Stefan Batory.

“The stalls in the Corpus Christi church in Kraków” by Jacek Malczewski

Jacek Malczewski began systematic studies at the School of Fine Arts in Kraków in the middle of 1873. His first teachers were Władysław Łuszczkiewicz, a historical painter and a well-known art historian, and Feliks Szynalewski. His education was also overseen by Jan Matejko, to whom Malczewski was very attentive.

“Study of a male nude figure” by Jacek Malczewski

The presented drawing is the first student work by Jacek Malczewski to be noticed and awarded. He received the first prize and the amount of 30 guilders from the management of the Kraków Society of Friends of Fine Arts. At that time, Malczewski studied under Władysław Łuszczkiewicz and Feliks Szynalewski, with Jan Matejko also exerting a tremendous influence on the artistic development of the young adept.

“Study of a male nude” by Ferdynand Bryll

Ferdynand Bryll, painter, portraitist, conservator and illustrator, was born in 1863, in Kraków. In the years 1876–1884, he studied at the School of Fine Arts in Kraków. In the course of his studies, in 1882, at the request of Jan Matejko, he assisted Henryk Rodakowski during his work on the frieze in the parliamentary chamber in Lviv. Normal 0 21 false false false PL X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:Standardowy; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; border:none;}

“Study of a male nude” by Ferdynand Bryll

The present study of a male nude comes from a time when Ferdynand Bryll studied at the School of Fine Arts in Kraków. The perfectly captured proportions of the model, along with the correct chiaroscuro modelling, are evidence of the solid fundamental skills possessed by the aspiring artist.

“Study of a male nude” by Seweryn Bieszczad

Seweryn Bieszczad studied painting at the School of Fine Arts between 1868 and 1876, under the supervision of Władyslaw Łuszczkiewicz and, subsequently, Jan Matejko. He also studied in Vienna and Munich under the supervision of Sándor Wagner (Ger. Alexander von Wagner) and in Dresden as a scholarship holder of the Vienna Academy.

“Apollino” by Emanuel Herncisz

Emanuel Edmund Herncisz (1858–1885) studied at the School of Fine Arts in Kraków under Władysław Łuszczkiewicz, Leopold Loeffler and Jan Matejko during the period 1874–1882. Thanks to the scholarship of the Austrian government, during the period 1882–1883, after completing his education in Kraków, Herncisz went on to study at the Munich academy. In 1883, the artist made a trip to Italy, where he planned to return with Seweryn Bieszczad to take up painting studies. The artist’s plans were scuppered by tuberculosis, which would lead to his death two years later.

“Anatomical study of muscles” by Ferdynand Olesiński

Ferdynand Olesiński, from a family of Wieliczka [the centre of salt mining] miners, was educated during the period 1871–1883 at the Kraków School of Fine Arts under the direction of Florian Cynk, Leopold Loeffler, Feliks Szynalewski, Henryk Grabowski, Izydor Jabłoński, and above all Jan Matejko and Władysław Łuszczkiewicz. He was a distinguished student who won praise and rewards.

“Study of the ancient bust” by Wilhelm Moszyński

Little is known about Wilhelm Moszyński. He was born in Zaborów and died prematurely probably before the end of 1885. During the period 1875–1880 he was a student at the School of Fine Arts in Kraków.

A sketch of a not created painting “Długosz and St. Kazimierz” by Jan Matejko

The presented pencil drawing by Jan Matejko is a sketch for the painting entitled Długosz and St. Kazimierz which was eventually left unpainted. On his paintings, Matejko often presented historical topics from the reign of the Jagiellonians. One can mention, among others, such paintings as: Stańczyk during a ball at the court of Queen Bona, in the face of the loss of Smolensk (1862), Union of Lublin (1869), The Hanging of the Sigismund bell (1874), or Prussian Homage (1880–1882).

“Naked young man” by Władysław Rossowski

Władysław Rossowski was born in 1857 in Monastyryska near Buczacz (now Buchach in Ukraine). He was a brother of Stanisław Rossowski – a poet, writer and journalist, and father of Tadeusz – a cartoonist and painter. In 1872–1873 he attended Higher Real School in Kraków and in 1873–1874 he studied in Lviv, where he took the matriculation exam. After passing, he studied painting at the School of Fine Arts in Kraków from 1874 to 1884.

“Study of a male nude figure” by Franciszek Machniewicz

Franciszek Machniewicz (1859–1897) was a student of Jan Matejko’s Composition Department for a year (1885–1886); he previously studied under Feliks Szalewski and Władysław Łuszczkiewicz. During his studies in 1876 and 1883 he was awarded for academic nude figure drawings, and in 1878, for the Study of a male nude figure, he was also awarded the amount of 30 zlotys by order of Marian Gorzkowski, the secretary of the School of Fine Arts.

“Study of male nude figures” by Feliks Szynalewski

The presented drawing was made on 12 March 1852 in Vienna, as evidenced by the signature therein: “Vienna 12/3 [1] 852 Szynalewski”. It is not known how the study of two male nude figures by Szynalewski appeared in the collections of the Academy. One can guess that it was donated by the author himself. The drawing shows that the technique had been perfectly mastered by the 27-year-old artist.