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“Turoń” (the type of horned creature) from Stary Sącz

Turoń (horned creature), or actually the head of one, i.e. a head of an animal with ears and horns made of several hefty pieces of wood nailed together and mounted on a stick. Originating from Stary Sącz (1908), this Turoń head, just like other similar exhibits from the very beginning of the Ethnographic Museum in Kraków, has been shown at the permanent exhibition in the form it was used in, i.e. as a part of an animal monster, a disguise of a member of a group of carollers.

Sculpture “Pensive Christ” by Leon Kudła

The author of this sculpture is thought to be one of the most eminent amateur artists. The sculpture represents a Pensive Christ. This image alludes to the Passion and is one of the most popular themes used among amateur and folk sculptors, producing numerous sculptural variations on the Pensive Christ: seated on the throne, half-naked or covered with a royal coat, with a royal crown or with a crown of thorns, with a sceptre in his hand or Adam's skull at his feet.

Toy “Lajkonik's march” by Jan Oprocha (father)

A toy cart, or actually a platform on wheels with holes to thread a pulling cord through and 31 figurines arranged on it, rocking while the toy is pulled. The whole toy, including the platform and the figurines, is made of polychrome wood. The rectangular platform with its bevelled corners and wheels are painted green. The edges are coated with white, yellow and pink paint, and the spokes are marked with yellow, blue and red.

Easter egg from Kaunas

This Easter egg might illustrate the roads by which the objects (including Easter eggs) arrived there in the first years of existence of the Ethnographic Museum of Seweryn Udziela in Kraków . Sometimes, entire collections gathered over the years, and sometimes only individual items were donated here—the result of social sacrifice, fascination and exploration of folklore, and sometimes accidental encounters.

Manuscript of the “Letter granting freedom to the town of Tarnów by Emperor Francis”

Francis II, the Holy Roman Emperor, King of Germany, Hungary, Czech, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Galicia, Lodomeria and Jerusalem, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy and Lorraine, Grand Duke of Tuscany, etc., confers a privilege granting freedom to Tarnów and its inhabitants. It approves the property of Tarnów burghers and the possessions of the town.

Painted wooden chest with a drawer

A painted wooden chest in a Skawina style. It is made of coniferous wood and placed on wheels cut of a wooden plank. A cuboid box is supported on a frame of wood in which there are wheels and a small rectangular drawer. The lid is attached to the rear wall with hinges. The chest has a lock and a signboard with an opening for a key in the front wall made of iron. On the signboard is a date: 12.09.1893.

Jarosław Kozłowski, “Counting-Out Rhyme”

Fifteen bowls of dried-up paint each have a matching cloth on which someone has wiped their dirty hands. Each such soiling/cleaning set is ascribed to a site of genocide. Washing hands is a symbolic act of removing oneself from these events and thereby from any responsibility. However, the material testimony remains.

Vessel for potpourri – mixtures of dried flowers

The porcelain vase in the form of an urn, with openings in the lid, was intended for storing potpourris, i.e. scented mixtures made from dried herbs and flowers. The body of the vessel has a circular cross-section, is elongated, narrows at the base and turns into a round base on a square stand.

Oblong Biedermeier-style perfume bottle

A perfume bottle in the form of a slim vial made of hand-moulded glass. The body of the vessel is polished on four sides into four very narrow bevels. The surfaces of the bevels are hand-painted with simplified floral ornaments and a simplified acanthus tendril.

Perfume bottle in the form of a wineskin

The porcelain perfume bottle has the shape of a wineskin with the cross-section of a polygon. The vessel’s body is straight, without any narrowing, crowned by a spout with a flange expanding at the top, with a porcelain stopper inserted.

Multi-layer polished perfume bottle

The perfume bottle is made of surface-dyed, ruby-coloured bevelled glass. The body of the vessel is spacious, tapering at the sides but extends and rounds at the top. The neck is wide, also bevelled and topped by a flange.

A cologne bottle made of milk glass

Made of milk glass, the bottle in the form of a cylindrical decanter with a stopper is decorated with a floral ornamentation and a painted plate which reads “COLOGNE”.

Perfume bottle with a landscape

The porcelain perfume bottle has a rounded body fluted at the sides, a wide base and an elongated neck. The gilded porcelain stopper has the shape of a rosette.

Porcelain bottle with a floral medallion

A porcelain bottle in the form of a decanter with a stopper, painted on the whole surface in cobalt colour, with oval panels featuring floral compositions and gilded ornaments.

Perfume bottle with a floral miniature and a gilded Régence ornament

The presented porcelain bottle with a fancy form is richly decorated with painted floral motifs and Rococo-style gildings. The body of the bottle rests on a large base formed by volutes flowing down and connected by acanthus leaves. The widest part of the bottle is decorated with a sophisticated floral composition.

Small bottle in the form of a bull

The small porcelain perfume bottle is in the shape of a figurine showing an anthropomorphized bull or cow. The figure has a human body and an erect posture. The head has the shape of a cow’s or bull’s head, proportional to the whole body. The figure is dressed in a wide green coat ending behind the knees, white trousers and black shoes.

Biedermeier-style glass perfume bottle

This glass perfume bottle takes the form of a bulky cuboid decanter with a short neck and a stopper. The body of the vessel is bevelled, with concavities at the corners.

Pair of perfume bottles

A pair of porcelain perfume bottles in the shape of decanters, with porcelain stoppers. The bodies were made in the form of bevelled cuboids. Their decorations consist of gilded ornaments composed of a floral tendril against a black background.

Porcelain bottle with miniature landscapes and gilding

The porcelain bottle in the form of a decanter, hand-painted and gilded, is decorated with miniature landscapes. The bottle’s body is polygonal, similar in form to a cuboid with slightly bevelled corners. The ornaments on the sides of the bottle are highlighted using the relief technique.

Porcelain bottle formed to feature celadon and pink bevels

The porcelain baluster-shaped perfume bottle was shaped to include bevels and is topped with a pointed stopper. It is decorated on the entire surface with a pattern composed of Gothic quatrefoil ornaments in the spaces of a grid.