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- Date of production 1765–1795
- Place of creation Poland
- Dimensions height: 12.2 cm, width: 12.3 cm
- ID no. ZKWawel 7635
- Availability Crown Treasury
- Acquired date purchased from Kazimierz Doboszewski in Kraków in 1990
- Object copyright Wawel Royal Castle – State Art Collection
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums Plus project
The order was established by Stanisław August Poniatowski on 7 May 1765. Until the end of the sovereign Republic of Poland, it was not divided into classes, and it was awarded in a uniform shape.more
An eight-pointed star comprising four longer and four shorter rays, embroidered with gold and silver sequins with the use of thin string and thread. In the middle, there is a small convex silvered shield with the royal monogram SAR [Stanislaus Augustus Rex], created from garnets in a plain metal setting. On the rim, a motto is embroidered: “PRAEMIANDO INCITAT” (by awarding encourage) and a laurel wreath.
The order was established by Stanisław August Poniatowski (1732–1798, date of reign 1764–1795) on 7 May 1765. Until the end of the sovereign Republic of Poland, it was not divided into classes, and it was awarded in a uniform shape. Secular knights of the order wore the order cross on a crimson sash hanging over the right shoulder to the left side and an embroidered star (or rarely the metal one), sewn on clothes at the chest-level, on the left side.
Only several dozen pieces of order stars have survived since the Old Poland period, most of them lacking detailed historical certificates.
Elaborated by Dariusz Nowacki (Wawel Royal Castle), editorial team of Małopolska’s Virtual Museums, © all rights reserved