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- Author Simon Ginter (also known as Günther, Güntter, Gintler; ca. 1634?—1706?)
- Date of production ca. 1660
- Place of creation Gdańsk, Poland
- Dimensions height: 10 cm, diameter: 16 cm
- Author's designation Simon Ginter / A Gedanensis An 1607 on the bottom plate of the mechanism
- ID no. ZKWawel 920
- Availability Crown Treasury
- Acquired date purchased in 1933
- Object copyright Wawel Royal Castle – State Art Collection
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums Plus project
For many years, it was believed to be the oldest of the Polish table clocks, called tile clocks for their flat cases. However, the engraved date “An 1607” should be regarded as a later addition, contrary to the dates of the life and activity of Simon Ginter, who signed the clock.more
For many years, it was believed to be the oldest of the Polish table clocks, called tile clocks for their flat cases. However, the engraved date “An 1607” should be regarded as a later addition, contrary to the dates of the life and activity of Simon Ginter, who signed the clock.
The tile clock's mechanism with a spindle escapement, hairspring and mainspring as a power source, is decorated with a subtle ornamentation typical of other works of the watchmakers of Gdansk, dominated by “small bushes” created from wild strawberry stems, flowers and fruit. It catches the eye with a horizontally placed dial with astronomical readings – the moon calendar with moon phases, day and night lengths, sunrises and sunsets, the twelve signs of the Zodiac, and the days of the month. It has an alarm dial, a 12-hour dial, and a 24-hour dial. The keys used to wind up the clock are a real scarcity – one of them is in the form of a small sceptre, the second one is topped with a crown.
The hexagonal case of the clock, typical of the tile clocks of the 17th century, is supported on small legs in the form of lion paws, with small wings formed of volutes. The corners of the side walls are fitted with glass and are ornamented with herm busts of knights in helmets decorated with mascaron – a motif typical not only of clock cases made in Gdansk, but also of 17th-century woodcarving. The originality of the decoration of the Wawel item is evident especially in the engraved scenes of Greek mythology found on the base. Scenes depicting the history of Zeus, Io, Pan and Syrinx, which were modelled on the sketches of Bernard Salomon (1506/1510–1561), the French illustrator and engraver and based on Ovid’s Metamorphoses, or similar depictions created by Virgil Solis of Nuremberg (1514–1562).
Elaborated by Stanisława Link-Lenczowska (Wawel Royal Castle), editorial team of Małopolska’s Virtual Museums, © all rights reserved