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The gorget, deriving from a knight's armour bevor, was used in Poland in the 18th century, mostly by members of the Bar Confederation (1768–1772). Decorated with effigies of Madonna and saints, as well as religious scenes, the gorget served as a spiritual buckler.

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A gorget in the shape of a convex shield with a corrugated outline. On the gilded obverse side, there is a richly engraved and painted ornamentation. In the middle, an effigy of the Black Madonna of Częstochowa can be seen in a frame, under which there is an inscription: “SVB. TVVM PRESIDIVM” (Under your protection). At the sides and at the top, there is a dense ribbon and a plant ornament with medallions depicting busts of twelve Apostles and the Holy Trinity. Under the effigy of Madonna, there is a panoply (a composition consisting of weapons) with a commander cross and an inscription: IN HOC SIGNO WINCES [sic] (In this sign you will win) in the middle. Painted on the reverse is a scene of Christ bearing the cross, surrounded by soldiers and crying women.
The gorget, deriving from a knight's armour bevor, was used in Poland in the 18th century, mostly by members of the Bar Confederation (1768–1772). Decorated with effigies of Madonna and saints, as well as religious scenes, the gorget served as a spiritual buckler.

Elaborated by Krzysztof Czyżewski (Wawel Royal Castle), editorial team of Małopolska’s Virtual Museums, © all rights reserved

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