List of all exhibits. Click on one of them to go to the exhibit page. The topics allow exhibits to be selected by their concept categories. On the right, you can choose the settings of the list view.
The list below shows links between exhibits in a non-standard way. The points denote the exhibits and the connecting lines are connections between them, according to the selected categories.
Enter the end dates in the windows in order to set the period you are interested in on the timeline.
- Date of production 20th century
- Dimensions height: 30.5 x 19 x 12 cm
- ID no. MP 007
- Acquired date acquired in Kipszna on 5th of September 1952 by PhD W. Tomek
- Object copyright The Krystyna and Włodzimierz Tomek Natural Science Museum
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums project
The European roller (Coracias garrulus Linné, 1758 r.) is one of the rarest and most beautifully coloured birds in Poland. It is an insectivorous bird, specialized in hunting large insects — e.g. beetles. In our country, it lives in dry and warm habitats in a varied landscape, with fallow lands, meadows and a small area of arable land, among which single, old trees grow.more
The European roller (Coracias garrulus Linné, 1758 r.) is one of the rarest and most beautifully coloured birds in Poland. It is an insectivorous bird, specialized in hunting large insects — e.g. beetles. In our country, it lives in dry and warm habitats in a varied landscape, with fallow lands, meadows and a small area of arable land, among which single, old trees grow. We will not meet the European roller inside large forest complexes, but it likes rural farms and clusters of houses. In Poland, it occurs in isolated populations in the east of the country (including Kurpie, Masuria, the region of Lublin). In Lesser Poland (Małopolska), it does not currently nest.
Unfortunately, this unusually beautiful bird is increasingly rare. In Poland, the population size is estimated at around 100 breeding pairs. In Western Europe in the 1960s and 1970s the decreasing number of these birds was associated with the use of pesticides. In our country, however, there is no shortage of insects that the European roller feeds on and there are also places to nest, so the reason for the regression of this species is not entirely clear. One of the hypotheses says that the habitats in the centre of the breeding population are shrinking (Ukraine and western Russia) — the changes taking place there are profound and unfavourable for these birds. Despite the lack of certainty regarding the direct reason for the decline of the European roller, there is a definite urgency to counteract other phenomena that exacerbate this process. The removal of old and hollow trees should be ceased. The share of old forest deciduous species in forests should be increased. Traditional — i.e. extensive — cultivation methods require financial support, and in places where the European rollers are nesting, the number of martens should be reduced. It is estimated that if the current reduction in the number of European rollers is maintained, then this species will disappear from our country within 10 years.The specimen was obtained in Kipszna in 1952 (Tarnów district, Lesser Poland) by PhD Włodzimierz Tomek. Object preserved as a dermoplast.
Elaborated by Wojciech Sanek (The Krystyna and Włodzimierz Tomek Natural Science Museum), the editorial team of Małopolska’s Virtual Museums, © all rights reserved