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- Date of production 19th/20th century
- Place of creation Zalas, Małopolska Province, Poland
- Dimensions length: 100 cm, width: 36.5 cm
- ID no. MNPE/E 224
- Object copyright Museum – Vistula Ethnographic Park in Wygiełzów and Lipowiec Castle
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation MVEP, Digital Cultural Heritage project
In Kraków folk costume, the kaftan, in addition to the top white sukmana (essentially a tunic), was an important and distinctive element of a holiday outfit – a testimony to the wealth of the owner.more
Men’s kaftan of navy blue cloth. Edged with red cloth, with a pair of pockets with trapeze-shaped tabs. The kaftan is decorated with multi-coloured embroidery and an appliqué made of white buttons. Without a collar. Embroidered along the edges with a red tape. Red lining made of fabric. The back is sewn together from two pieces of canvas connected in the middle, from the waist down, with a slit forming so-called gills. The collar shape features a colourful appliqué of cross-stitch embroidery. The front of the kaftan is decorated with three vertical rows of small, pearly buttons in white, stitched with purple threads. The outside of the appliqué is embroidered with a yellow, red and green thread on either side along with four rosettes arranged in a column. They are separated by smaller groups of white buttons. Pockets with lapels in the form of trapezoidal patches are decorated with horizontal and vertical stripes and crosses consisting of buttons sewn onto the appliqué of purple and green threads. Embroidery in alternating “Janina” chain appliqués features additional decoration with purple cord. In the front corners of the kaftan, there are colourful thread appliqués with a leaf motif. The kaftan is fastened over the chest with brass hooks.
In Kraków folk costume, the kaftan, in addition to the top white sukmana (essentially a tunic), was an important and distinctive element of a holiday outfit – a testimony to the wealth of the owner. Donned over a linen shirt, it was a knee-length, sleeveless vest tightly fitted around the waist. Depending on the region, kaftans differed in colour: from dark blue, navy blue to black, as well as in the cut, with a high folded collar or without. They were also distinguished by ornamentation in the form of a red instep and trimmings and a wealth of appliqués – colourful embroidery, pearl buttons, coloured tassels, or tied bundles and evenly trimmed cotton or silk threads. The facings of the pockets, as well as the overlapping corners of the straitjacket on the front, were particularly richly decorated. Kaftans used to be bought by young men, mainly before marriage. As a mandatory element of wedding attire, the kaftan was decorated, in particular, with pinned ribbons and flowers, and the whole outfit, with striped trousers traditional for Kraków locals and tucked inside the boots, was complemented by a Kraków folk hat, with peacock feathers worn during this and other festive moments.
Elaborated by Marek Grabski (Museum — Vistula Ethnographic Park in Wygiełzów and Lipowiec Castle), © all rights reserved