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- Date of production beginning of the 20th century
- Place of creation Kalwaria Zebrzydowska, Poland
- Dimensions length: 103 cm, width: 103 cm
- ID no. MNPE/E 254
- Object copyright Museum – Vistula Ethnographic Park in Wygiełzów and Lipowiec Castle
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation MVEP, Digital Cultural Heritage project
The head scarf was the most important and most valuable covering of married women; it was an indispensable element of women’s folk costume in Kraków. It was put on women for the first time during the traditional wedding ceremony called Oczepiny, to indicate the change in her marital status. Scarves were worn by married women throughout their entire future life.more
Square women’s head scarf made of white linen. Decorated with complex embroidered compositions of flower bouquets in the corners. The margin features a wide embroidered strip with decoration composed of repeating motifs of tiny flowers and sprigs, made by using the convex embroidery technique with hole punching, finished with openwork serrations with floral motifs.
The head scarf was the most important and most valuable covering of married women; it was an indispensable element of women’s folk costume in Kraków. It was put on women for the first time during the traditional wedding ceremony called Oczepiny, to indicate the change in her marital status. Scarves were worn by married women throughout their entire future life. Square, made of canvas and batiste, silk or tulle, they were richly embroidered with floral and plant motifs. The headscarf was folded diagonally, and then the ends were crossed under a slowly hanging embroidered corner and tied at the forehead in a knot. During the wedding ceremony, donning the scarf was accompanied by songs and chants, including:
“I only regret one thing: half of that braid, which covered my back, which covered my back, covered my neck, and now will hide under the scarf.”
Headscarves called “bonnets” also had some magical significance. Even at the beginning of the 20th century, there was widespread belief that a married woman could cause a storm or hail by uncovering her head. And when a pregnant woman did so, she would expose her own soul and that of her unborn child to abduction by demons. From the mid-19th century, embroidered scarves, hand-made by girls, began to be replaced by scarves produced and embroidered by machines.
Elaborated by Marek Grabski (Museum — Vistula Ethnographic Park in Wygiełzów and Lipowiec Castle), © all rights reserved