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- Date of production 1893
- Place of creation Rudawa, district of Kraków, Małopolska Province, Poland
- Dimensions height: 80 cm, width: 120 cm, depth: 67 cm
- ID no. MNPE/E/270
- Object copyright Museum – Vistula Ethnographic Park in Wygiełzów and Lipowiec Castle
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums project
A painted wooden chest in a Skawina style. It is made of coniferous wood and placed on wheels cut of a wooden plank. A cuboid box is supported on a frame of wood in which there are wheels and a small rectangular drawer. The lid is attached to the rear wall with hinges. The chest has a lock and a signboard with an opening for a key in the front wall made of iron. On the signboard is a date: 12.09.1893.more
A painted wooden chest in a Skawina style. It is made of coniferous wood and placed on wheels cut of a wooden plank. A cuboid box is supported on a frame of wood in which there are wheels and a small rectangular drawer. The lid is attached to the rear wall with hinges. The chest has a lock and a signboard with an opening for a key in the front wall made of iron. On the signboard is a date: 12.09.1893. Non-wrought chests were brought to the market in Skawina. The purchaser handed the device over to the locksmith, who equipped it with hinges, fitted a lock and a signboard. Inside the chest, on the left side, along its width there was a half-chest used as a hiding place. The hostess used it to store the most valuable items, including, among others, ribbons, beads, a prayer book, rings, beads, money, a tax book, a candle, sometimes blessed herbs.
Painting techniques and ornamentation types were passed on from generation to generation. Sometimes, carpenters were not the creators of the painting decorations but their wives or daughters. The lid, the front wall, side walls and the metal frame were covered with green primer. On the front wall and the lid there are four rectangular painting fields surrounded by bordure. The outer fields are filled with a green background and the inner ones with a vermilion background. Each has a decorative bouquet of flowers in a vase with two holders painted. The side walls in the central part are covered with a motif of a circular wreath with tiny leaves, with stylized twigs and two flowers in the corners. The decorations are complemented with floral motifs on a drawer, frame and between the fields in the frontal wall. The dowry chest was an element of traditional equipment of a bride which she brought to a new household. They were usually placed opposite the entrance, in a visible place. A large painted chest was something to be proud of. After some time, they were moved to a less visible place.
Elaborated by Piotr Bujakiewicz (Museum — Vistula Ethnographic Park in Wygiełzów and Lipowiec Castle), © all rights reserved