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- Date of production 19th century
- Place of creation Poland
- Dimensions height: 108 cm
- ID no. MNPE/S 182
- Object copyright Museum – Vistula Ethnographic Park in Wygiełzów and Lipowiec Castle
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska’s Virtual Museums project
In the manor house from Droginia (moved to the Museum in Wygiełzów), in which the apartment interiors of a wealthy noble family were recreated, the more intimate side of life was also included. The bedroom, located in the alcove, equipped with 19th century furniture, also included a night-chair which served as a privy.more
In the manor house from Droginia (moved to the Museum in Wygiełzów), in which the apartment interiors of a wealthy noble family were recreated, the more intimate side of life was also included. The bedroom, located in the alcove, equipped with 19th century furniture, also included a night-chair which served as a privy. It has a low seat, enclosed, with a flap under which there is a hole, intended for a chamber pot. A door is fitted at the back, which could be opened with a key in order to replace the vessel. The chair is equipped with a high backrest with rungs, armrests and low legs. Made of wood, reduced to simple geometrical construction forms, devoid of ornamental decorations, it reflects the Biedermeier style. Biedermeier furniture was a popular furnishing style for landowners’ mansions and townhouses that belonged to the intelligentsia until the end of the 19th century.
In Poland, portable toilets like this chair were called, inter alia, a stool, a toilet or a cacatuar, a cacquet or a carafe, in French fashion. This item was located in a special separate room or was moved around the house when required. Grander versions sometimes resembled a real throne, hence perhaps the Polish term “sit on the throne,” referring to the toilet seat. The press advertised stools as “armchairs for going outside while staying inside”. Ebony wood.
Elaborated by Piotr Bujakiewicz (Museum — Vistula Ethnographic Park in Wygiełzów and Lipowiec Castle), © all rights reserved
Read about Biedermeier private quarters in this text by Emiliano Ranocchi Biedermeier. The birth of privacy from the Central European spirit („Autoportret. Pismo o dobrej przestrzeni”, nr 4/2007).