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- Date of production early 20th century
- Place of creation village of Męcina Wielka, areas of historical Lemkivshchyna, Poland
- Dimensions length: 81 cm
- ID no. MDKG/OBL/E 48
- Branch The Open Air Ethnographic Museum of the Pogórze Region in Szymbark
- Object copyright The Karwacjan and Gładysz Family Manors Museum
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska’s Virtual Museums project
SA Lemko skirt, or kabat, was made of modrotrotnik – thin printed factory fabric with a pattern of small yellow flowers and small green stars. It was hand-sewn at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. Such fabrics were made in the towns of the southern part of the Carpathians, in Bardiov, as well as in Krynica and Muszyna.more
A Lemko skirt, or kabat, was made of modrotrotnik – thin printed factory fabric with a pattern of small yellow flowers and small green stars. It was hand-sewn at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. Such fabrics were made in the towns of the southern part of the Carpathians, in Bardiov, as well as in Krynica and Muszyna. The skirt is finely pleated, held by a belt with straps for binding sewn from thick, linen, hand-woven canvas. In order to fix the pleats in place, the women would basted and gently wash them, followed by the application of a damp linen cloth to the moist material after which they would be heated with freshly baked loaves of hot bread. Women who had heavy slug irons on their farms also used them to fix the pleats. These skirts were worn by women in the Lemko region before World War I and in the interwar period.
The presented skirt is decorated with three stripes of lockstitch in red, yellow, orange, green and white. Between them there are colourful ribbons and a strip of factory lace in dark red with pale blue and corn-flower blue silk thread woven into it. The bottom edge of the skirt is trimmed with a pink, cotton ribbon.
Because such materials were not cheap, a piece of thick, hand-woven canvas was sewn into the front of the skirt, which was anyway covered by an apron.
The skirt comes from the Lemko village of Męcina Wielka.
Elaborated by Anna Niemczyńska-Szurek (The Karwacjan and Gładysz Family Manors Museum), © all rights reserved