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SA Lemko skirt, or kabat, was made of modrotrotnik – thin printed factory fabric with a pattern of small yellow flowers and small green stars. It was hand-sewn at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. Such fabrics were made in the towns of the southern part of the Carpathians, in Bardiov, as well as in Krynica and Muszyna.

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A Lemko skirt, or kabat, was made of modrotrotnik – thin printed factory fabric with a pattern of small yellow flowers and small green stars. It was hand-sewn at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. Such fabrics were made in the towns of the southern part of the Carpathians, in Bardiov, as well as in Krynica and Muszyna. The skirt is finely pleated, held by a belt with straps for binding sewn from thick, linen, hand-woven canvas. In order to fix the pleats in place, the women would basted and gently wash them, followed by the application of a damp linen cloth to the moist material after which they would be heated with freshly baked loaves of hot bread. Women who had heavy slug irons on their farms also used them to fix the pleats. These skirts were worn by women in the Lemko region before World War I and in the interwar period.
The presented skirt is decorated with three stripes of lockstitch in red, yellow, orange, green and white. Between them there are colourful ribbons and a strip of factory lace in dark red with pale blue and corn-flower blue silk thread woven into it. The bottom edge of the skirt is trimmed with a pink, cotton ribbon.
Because such materials were not cheap, a piece of thick, hand-woven canvas was sewn into the front of the skirt, which was anyway covered by an apron.
The skirt comes from the Lemko village of Męcina Wielka.


Elaborated by Anna Niemczyńska-Szurek (The Karwacjan and Gładysz Family Manors Museum), © all rights reserved

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Lemko costume

Folk costumes in the area of Lemko culture survived far longer than in the neighbouring Carpathian Foothills. This was because of the slower rhythm of cultural changes in the mountainous areas inhabited by the Lemkos.

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The Lemko delegation arrived at the ceremony on May 3, Gorlice, 1933. From the collection of the National Digital Archives.

Folk costumes in the area of Lemko culture survived far longer than in the neighbouring Carpathian Foothills. This was because of the slower rhythm of cultural changes in the mountainous areas inhabited by the Lemkos. Even at the end of the interwar period, Lemkos wearing traditional clothes could be seen at fairs. Women’s outfits — that were worn every day and during holidays until the World War II — have been particularly well-preserved.

 

Elaborated by The Karwacjan and Gładysz Family Manors Museum , © all rights reserved

 

 

See the elements of the Lemko costume on our website:
Lemko skirt kabat
Lemko coif (czepec)
Lemko corset

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Lemko skirt “kabat”

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