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A coif (czepec) was an obligatory headgear for married Lemko women. It has the form of a shallow cap consisting of a horseshoe-shaped bottom folded in the bottom part and a surrounding rim with rounded edges.

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A coif (czepec) was an obligatory headgear for married Lemko women. It has the form of a shallow cap consisting of a horseshoe-shaped bottom folded in the bottom part and a surrounding rim with rounded edges. Lemko women wore the coif over hair trussed on a hazel wood or wire ring called hymla. A coif was worn under floral headscarf (called a tybetka) with a white or green background, covering half of the forehead, which was tied in a knot at the nape of the neck.
The presented coif was hand-sewn before World War I from white cloth with small blue-red flowers. It was stiffened with a canvas lining. At the front, above the forehead, the coif is richly embroidered with a colourful cord, cross stitch technique and a machine lockstitch, which creates a small geometric pattern. The edge of this decorative insert was finished with three rows of indentations knitted with red and pink thread.
A coif comes from the Lemko village of Męcina Wielka.


Elaborated by Anna Niemczyńska-Szurek (The Karwacjan and Gładysz Family Manors Museum), © all rights reserved

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Lemko costume

Folk costumes in the area of Lemko culture survived far longer than in the neighbouring Carpathian Foothills. This was because of the slower rhythm of cultural changes in the mountainous areas inhabited by the Lemkos.

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The Lemko delegation arrived at the ceremony on May 3, Gorlice, 1933. From the collection of the National Digital Archives.

Folk costumes in the area of Lemko culture survived far longer than in the neighbouring Carpathian Foothills. This was because of the slower rhythm of cultural changes in the mountainous areas inhabited by the Lemkos. Even at the end of the interwar period, Lemkos wearing traditional clothes could be seen at fairs. Women's outfits—that were worn every day and during holidays until the Second World War—have been particularly well-preserved.

 

Elaborated by The Karwacjan and Gładysz Family Manors Museum , © all rights reserved

 

 

See the elements of the Lemko costume on our website:
Lemko skirt “kabat”
Lemko coif (“czepec”)
Lemko corset

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Lemko coif (“czepec”)

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