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- Author Józef Mehoffer (1869—1946)
- Date of production 1908
- Dimensions height: 17.5 cm, width: 53 cm, depth: 46 cm
- Author's designation Józef Mehoffer
- ID no. MŻKW IV/577
- Object copyright Kraków Salt Works Museum in Wieliczka
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums project
This consists of a wooden cassette, iron-shod with brass, with a two-winged hinged lid, a brass shield at the front, with “WIELICZKA” and a crown at the top. It contains a document granting honorary citizenship of the city of Wieliczka to Doctor Kazimierz Junosza-Gałecki.more
This consists of a wooden cassette, iron-shod with brass, with a two-winged hinged lid, a brass shield at the front, with “WIELICZKA” and a crown at the top. It contains a document granting honorary citizenship of the city of Wieliczka to Doctor Kazimierz Junosza-Gałecki. It is a rectangular box in the shape of a desktop, bevelled upwards to the top, taped at the bottom, with a smoothly moulded strip, passing on the side walls into double hinge holders that also act as supports for the open wings of the lid. The wings of the lid are rectangular, striped with brass, with wooden panels outside and – the side parts of the document are inside; the main part of the document is in in the middle part. Parts of the exhibit, compositely separate and thematically related to Wieliczka, were signed at the bottom with a continuous text and secured with glass. In the middle, there is the panorama of Wieliczka; on the left, the Blessed Kinga of Poland, a girl with long braids, a golden nimbus around her head, is in a prayer pose against a blue background with golden stars, and, on the right, there is a kneeling miner against the background of a radiant rainbow. Both scenes on the sides are of allegorical female figures with cornucopias from which flowers bloom. All portrayals are decorated in the upper part with two rows of radiant suns. The whole is full of colour, with violet, blue, pink and gold predominant.
Inscriptions and symbols on the site:
— on the left: IN RECOGNITION OF THE MIDWIVES’ PUBLIC SERVICES IN WIELICZKA CITY, ITS GROUP OF DEVELOPMENT THROUGH THEIR GREAT SUPPORT OF IMPORTANT MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS
— in the middle: THE HONORARY CITIZENSHIP FOR THE HONOURABLE DOCTOR KAZIMIERZ JUNOSZA GAŁECKI THE EMPEROR. THE KING. COURT COUNSELLORS
— on the right: THE COUNTY OF THE CITY WIELICZKI CONFERS, a drawing of the Wieliczka coat of arms (an eagle in the crown, with a red shield with a white cross on the chest, the coat of arms Szreniawa on the tail, three hammers in the right claw, and scales in the left, with the following inscription on the rim: MUNICIPAL COUNCIL OF THE CITY WIELICZKA), at the bottom, the inscription: WIELICZKA JULY 9,1908.
— the signature of Józef Mehoffer is in the middle.
The presentation of St. Kinga as a young girl, in a rich outfit, with long, black braids is very unusual. It is devoid of its traditional attributes (lumps of rock salt with a ring, the Church of the Poor Clares in Stary Sącz and ducal or monastic attire). Only the nimbus indicates that the portrayal applies to the Saint (or the Blessed), and the context—the view of Wieliczka and the miner—suggest the patron of the city and salt miners.
Kazimierz Junosza-Gałecki (1863–1941) was a lawyer. In 1918, he held the office of the Austrian Minister for Galicia. In 1919, he was a Polish delegate in Vienna and then a General Government delegate for Galicia. In the years 1921–1923, he was the voivode of Kraków. After being removed from office in connection with the November events in Krakow in 1923, he retired. He was a member of supervisory boards of several joint stock companies. In Wieliczka, he contributed in a special way to the creation of the Real School (currently the Jan Matejko High School in Wieliczka) in 1910.
Doctor Kazimierz Junosza-Gałecki was not the only person who “in recognition of public services of midwives, the group of development of the city of Wieliczka” received the honorary citizenship of Wieliczka during Galician times. Earlier, this title had been given to: Count Agenor Gołuchowski (governor of Galicia), Leopold Płaziński (imperial-royal head of the Poviat office in Wieliczka), a priest to the prelate Zygmunt Golian (priest of the Parish of St. Klemens in Wieliczka), Professor Julian Dunajewski (imperial royal court counsellor and minister for Galicia). In later times, the honorary citizens of Wieliczka have been: Marshal Edward Rydz-Śmigły (1939); Kraków Voivode, Tadeusz Piekarz (1993); the priest, Cardinal Franciszek Macharski (1995); Pope John Paul II (1998); the Guardian of the Franciscans of the Primitive Observance Monastery in Wieliczka, Father Ludwik Kurowski.
Elaborated by Marek Skubisz (Kraków Salt Works Museum in Wieliczka), © all rights reserved