List of all exhibits. Click on one of them to go to the exhibit page. The topics allow exhibits to be selected by their concept categories. On the right, you can choose the settings of the list view.
The list below shows links between exhibits in a non-standard way. The points denote the exhibits and the connecting lines are connections between them, according to the selected categories.
Enter the end dates in the windows in order to set the period you are interested in on the timeline.
- Author designed by Stanisław Witkiewicz, made by Jędrzej Trzebunia
- Date of production 1892–1896
- Dimensions height: 23 cm, diameter: 16 cm
- ID no. S/332/MT
- Collector Maria&Bronisław Dembowscy
- Object copyright The Dr. Tytus Chałubiński Tatra Museum in Zakopane
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums project
Maria Dembowska, along with her husband, Bronisław, gathered one of the first ethnographic collections of the Podhale region). One of the items she donated to the Museum in 1922 was a wooden model of a church chalice designed by Stanisław Witkiewicz...more
The vessel that makes sacramental wine taste better
Maria Dembowska, along with her husband, Bronisław, gathered one of the first ethnographic collections of the Podhale region). One of the items she donated to the Museum in 1922 was a wooden model of a church chalice designed by Stanisław Witkiewicz and made by Jędrzej Trzebunia. The model was made of two types of wood – ash and lime. It consists of an octagonal foot (or base), a shaft with a node (a leg with a ring at 1/3 of its height) and a goblet. All these elements are richly ornamented. The octagon foot is decorated with hearts, the shaft – with crosses and hearts, and the goblet with a strip of lilies and serration. The chalice constitutes an important element in the Christian liturgy. The word itself is derived from Greek and Latin. In the first centuries of Christianity, chalices were made of different materials, for example, ceramic ones or chalices made of wood, glass, metals and alloys, as well as minerals (e.g. rock crystal and onyx). Unification came with the Carolingian period. During subsequent councils, it was decided that chalices were to be made of gold or silver. Over the centuries, the shape, proportions and decoration of vessels have also changed. The model designed by Witkiewicz in accordance with the trends prevailing at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries references Gothic designs with its shape and proportions. It is slender, and it has a polygonal foot and a decorated goblet. However, such decorations are not known from medieval monuments. These designs are borrowed from highland cottages and equipment. This is a reason for the uniqueness of this item. Stanisław Witkiewicz came to a small village at the foot of the Tatra Mountains for the first time in the 1880s. Inspired by local art and architecture, he began a campaign for the first Polish national style, and he was the one who was to implement these beliefs in practice. When designing houses in the Zakopane style, Witkiewicz also designed their equipment. It was his aim that the patterns of Zakopane were to go beyond the borders of Zakopane and apply not only to residential buildings. Hence, there were also sacred objects that were designed along with their equipment (chalices, altars and candlesticks). Everything was supposed to be consistent. The artist was convinced that the folk material so developed could satisfy even the most sophisticated tastes.
Elaborated by Julita Dembowska (The Dr. Tytus Chałubiński Tatra Museum in Zakopane), © all rights reserved