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- Date of production 20th century?
- Place of creation Podhale region, Poland
- Dimensions height: 63 cm, figure of the Christ 23 cm, figure of soldier (right) 18 cm, figure (left) 19 cm, width: 33 cm
- ID no. E/2497/MT
- Collector Maria&Bronisław Dembowscy
- Acquired date 1922
- Object copyright The Dr. Tytus Chałubiński Tatra Museum in Zakopane
- Digital images copyright © all rights reserved, Tatra Museum
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums project
Shrine of the cabinet type, intended for hanging, with three figures presented in the scene of the Scourging of Christ. The shrine comes from the Podhale region but we do not know the name of its creator, the time of production and its exact place of origin. It was bought by Maria and Bronisław Dembowski for their collection during the years 1887-1893.more
Shrine of the cabinet type, intended for hanging, with three figures presented in the scene of the Scourging of Christ. The shrine comes from the Podhale region but we do not know the name of its creator, the time of production and its exact place of origin. It was bought by Maria and Bronisław Dembowski for their collection during the years 1887–1893. In 1922, it was bequeathed by Maria Dembowska along with nearly four hundred other items to the Tatra Museum. It is one of 14 sculptures in this, one of the largest and most interesting ethnographic collections of the Podhale region. The collection also includes bas-relief sculptures and figures in the round of Mary, Jesus, saints and angels. Most of them reference popular iconographic schemes. Compared to them, the shrine is an exception. The scene of the Scourging of Christ presented inside the shrine belongs to themes not very popular in traditional folk sculptures. Perhaps in this case, an impulse to create the shrine came from the Calvary mystery, which could have been attended by the sculptor, or from a description in the Gospel, for example, by St. John, “Then Pilate took Jesus and had him scourged. And the soldiers wove a crown out of thorns, and placed it on his head, and clothed him in a purple cloak, and they came to him and said, ‘Hail, King of the Jews!’ And they struck him repeatedly”. (John 19:1-3).
Figures of Christ and two soldiers (?) standing on his right and left side are attached to the rear wall in the shrine niche, above a wooden platform. The sculptures are very primitive, schematic and static, and they lack body proportions. The foreground figure is of Christ, shown centrally, en face, with hands bound on the front. It dominates over the accompanying figures with its size. Christ is wearing a dark blue loincloth and a short red cloak, and he has a crown on his head plaited of bark or bast with fixed wooden thorns. The pale pink skin of the body is marked with red spots which imitate dripping blood. The two accompanying figures are probably soldiers. Their clothing consists of short tunics tied at the waist, trousers, ankle-length shoes and caps. These figures have no distinct attributes, but a closer inspection allows one to notice places where there used to be props with which the figures were once equipped.
Elaborated by Anna Kozak (The Dr. Tytus Chałubiński Tatra Museum in Zakopane), © all rights reserved