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A field smithy was donated to the Locksmith Company in 1916 by the Centre for the Restoration of the Country located in Vienna. A portable hearth popularly called a field smithy was a fixed element of a padlock-making workshop. A smithy consists of three main elements: a basin, a bellows, and a tuyere.

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A field smithy was donated to the Locksmith Company in 1916 by the Centre for the Restoration of the Country located in Vienna. A portable hearth popularly called a field smithy was a fixed element of a padlock-making workshop. A smithy consists of three main elements: a basin, a bellows, and a tuyere. The basin is the most important part of a hearth; the bottom and sides were covered with grog or clay. Iron was heated up here and prepared for the further manual processing. The bellows supplied air to the basin in order to accelerate the combustion of coal and thus increase the temperature. A tuyere is a cast iron pipe which leads air directly from the bellows into the hearth. A field smithy was designed mainly for producing small objects and it was often a reserve hearth in case of damage, or in case the fire went out in the main hearth. In Świątniki, smithies of this type were used for soldering keys, tempering steel, or the hot riveting of padlocks.

Elaborated by Witold Szczygieł (Marcin Mikuła Locksmithing Museum in Świątniki Górne), © all rights reserved

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Field smithy

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