List of all exhibits. Click on one of them to go to the exhibit page. The topics allow exhibits to be selected by their concept categories. On the right, you can choose the settings of the list view.

The list below shows links between exhibits in a non-standard way. The points denote the exhibits and the connecting lines are connections between them, according to the selected categories.

Enter the end dates in the windows in order to set the period you are interested in on the timeline.

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An artillery shell, engraved and stylized into a vase, is characteristic of so-called trench art. Such objects — not necessarily of utilitarian function — were made by soldiers with artistic talents for themselves or to order. Often, objects of this type were created in free time in the trenches, during breaks in fighting, or only after military service had ended.

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An artillery shell, engraved and stylized into a vase, is characteristic of so-called trench art. Such objects — not necessarily of utilitarian function — were made by soldiers with artistic talents for themselves or to order. Often, objects of this type were created in free time in the trenches, during breaks in fighting, or only after military service had ended.
The inscription “Gorlice 1914-15-16” was engraved on the shell displayed on our portal, and two badges from the World War I were also added.


Elaborated by Katarzyna Liana (The Ignacy Łukasiewicz Regional Museum of Polish Tourism and Sightseeing Society in Gorlice), © all rights reserved

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About the significance of the battle of Gorlice

One of the most important battles of the World War I took place near Gorlice.
“If I were to state which days in my professional life were the most important to me, these were the 2nd and 3rd of May 1915, when from atop the hills west of Gorlice I saw defeated Russian troops in retreat.” These are the words of the then Chief of General Staff of the Austro-Hungarian army, Field Marshal Franz Conrad von Hotzendorf.

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Żołnierze niemieccy na tle Gorlic przygotowują się do pościgu za Rosjanami, „Ilustrowany Kurier Wojenny, 20.06.1915, domena publiczna
One of the most important battles of the World War I took place near Gorlice.
“If I were to state which days in my professional life were the most important to me, these were the 2nd and 3rd of May 1915, when from atop the hills west of Gorlice I saw defeated Russian troops in retreat.” These are the words of the then Chief of General Staff of the Austro-Hungarian army, Field Marshal Franz Conrad von Hotzendorf.
It is the beginning of 1915. The Great War is being waged between the Entente countries in Europe (incl. Russia, Great Britain, France) and central states (among others Prussia, Austro-Hungary). The goal of each country is to strengthen its influence in the Balkans. Meanwhile, the eastern front, which is the front line for direct clashes between Russia and Prussia and Austro-Hungary, moves to the west. The Russians, after capturing Przemyśl and Tarnów, approach Gorlice. Now they have only one goal: to attack and defeat the Austro-Hungarian enemy.
The commanders of the Austrian staffs descend into panic. How to check the inevitable assault of the Russian troops, having such limited strength after previous battles? The Prussian ally, who also wants to strengthen the southern section of the front, comes to the rescue.
As a result, the 217,000-strong Austrian-Prussian army under the command of general Mackensen is pitted against the 80,000-strong Russian army commanded by General Radko Dimitriev, dubbed the small Napoleon. Holding such numerical superiority, the combined troops of the central states decide to launch a retaliatory attack. On Sunday, 2 May, this leads to a direct clash between the combatants. By the end of the day, after a fierce struggle, shifting advantages and enormous losses on both sides, the Austrian-German armies succeeds in defeating the so far invincible Russian opponent. The front line moves 6-10 kilometres to the east. Over the next two days, the central states overcome the second Russian defence line. Russian army is forced to retreat during the following weeks. Decimated, without weapons, ammunition and food depots, they flee from their positions. Gen. Radko-Dimitriev is then deprived of command.
The exact course of the battle of Gorlice is presented by the model located in the Gorlice museum. On our website we present three exhibits related to the event in question, whose significance is considered by historians to be ground-breaking:
Commemorative cartridge made of shell
Commemorative plaque “Pustki Hill”

Commemorative plaque “Cannon 30.5 cm Škoda”

Elaborated by Editorial team of Małopolskas Virtual Museums,
Licencja Creative Commons

 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License.

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Commemorative cartridge made of shell

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