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- Date of production 1916?
- Dimensions height: 17 cm, length: 20 cm
- ID no. MRG PTTK, nr KW 207
- Object copyright The Ignacy Łukasiewicz Regional Museum of Polish Tourism and Sightseeing Society in Gorlice
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums project
This memorial plaque—which is also an ashtray—was stamped to commemorate the battle of Gorlice and presents a 30.5 cm mortar, which was used during the battle.more
This memorial plaque—which is also an ashtray—was stamped to commemorate the battle of Gorlice and presents a 30.5 cm mortar, which was used during the battle.
Two brass battle-themed plaques were made to commemorate the victory of the Central Powers in the battle of Gorlice, on 02 May 1915. The victory of the 11th Army of General August von Mackensen was spectacular. The destruction of the Russian army by the combined Austro-Hungarian and Prussian forces, the withdrawal of Tsarist troops, and the consequent shifting of the front lines were factors of great strategic importance for further actions on the eastern front of the Great War. Both plaques, created by the victors of Gorlice, were aimed at preserving the memory of those bloody struggles.
One of the presented plaques shows the attack of Mackensen's soldiers on Mount Pustki. The regiments fighting for this position were dominated by soldiers from the twelfth division of Krakow, and were therefore predominantly Poles.
The assault on the heavily fortified hill, manned by the Muscovites, was preceded by artillery fire from a Škoda mortar with a calibre of 30.5 cm, nicknamed "Thin Emma". It is this very cannon that has been immortalized on the presented plaque.
Elaborated by Katarzyna Liana (The Ignacy Łukasiewicz Regional Museum of Polish Tourism and Sightseeing Society in Gorlice), © all rights reserved