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- Date of production early 20th century
- Place of creation Pogórze Gorlickie region, Poland
- Dimensions length: 70 cm, width: 72 cm
- ID no. MRG PTTK, nr 994
- Object copyright The Ignacy Łukasiewicz Regional Museum of Polish Tourism and Sightseeing Society in Gorlice
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums project
The tulle shawl, richly decorated with white, hand-made embroidery, is a characteristic element of women's costumes from Podgórze Gorlickie (the Gorlice Foothills).more
The tulle shawl, richly decorated with white, hand-made embroidery, is a characteristic element of women's costumes from Podgórze Gorlickie (the Gorlice Foothills).
When were such shawls used? On holidays and during other—not necessarily church—ceremonies. The cap was made of a large, muslin or tulle scarf, decorated with embroidery on the sides. The dominant motif of such embroidery was rich plant ornamentation, mostly floral. The headscarfs were always white.
When the field work was finished, and autumn and winter evenings were becoming long, women met and embroidered, among others, such bonnets. It was a great way to strengthen ties within the rural community. While at work, myths and legends were told and songs were sung. Thanks to this, traditions developed over centuries, that could be passed on to younger generations and without losing any of their vitality. Embroidering coifs became an indirect way of cultivating the folklore tradition. During such meetings, older women had an opportunity to share their knowledge and life experience with the younger ones. The rhythm of the seasons, the cyclical nature of field work and liturgical rituals created the customs of the villagers. Embroidered headscarves were an inseparable addition to the festive outfit of a married woman. Unmarried women were not allowed to wear them. The rich ornamentation of headscarves and the variety of floral patterns testified to the unprecedented imagination and sophisticated technique of their manufacture.
Elaborated by Katarzyna Liana (The Ignacy Łukasiewicz Regional Museum of Polish Tourism and Sightseeing Society in Gorlice), © all rights reserved