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The presented object is a wide skirt of navy-blue cretonne covered with a white print of plant pattern (contour clover leaves), referring to the so-called 19th century, factory-made tłoczeliny. It has a traditional cut. 

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The presented object is a wide skirt of navy-blue cretonne covered with a white print of plant pattern (contour clover leaves), referring to the so-called 19th century, factory-made tłoczeliny. It has a traditional cut. The skirt was made of three panels, szerzy, finely and evenly folded at the top and sewn into a narrow hem strip changing at the side opening into strings for fastening. Into the seam running opposite to the fastening, a long, narrow pocket for a handkerchief or money was sewn. The skirt was produced with a sewing machine, but following the 19th century fashion, which stipulated the right length and a larger fold at the back, thanks to which the skirt is arranged better at the bottom. For this purpose, the bottom was additionally stiffened – here it is trimmed with two black haberdashery tapes at a fixed distance.
These skirts were very popular in Orava in the 19th and early 20th century. This type represents a considerable influence of Hungarian culture. The strong influence of Carpathian culture, especially Slovak and Hungarian one, is marked in the costumes of the Orava highlanders, especially those from the 19th and early 20th centuries. Some of its features began to disappear after World War I, following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, when Upper Orava came to be part of the Republic of Poland and contact with the areas of the former monarchy was limited.

Elaborated by the Orava Ethnographic Park Museum in Zubrzyca Górna, © all rights reserved
 

 

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Orava skirt

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