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The presented object is a pair of white baize trousers, Orava (originating from the area of Zubrzyca-Orava) made of white factory-made baize resembling home-spun cloth. One of the characteristic features which also occurs in other outfits of the Carpathian highlanders is two cuts at the waist, called zwory, trimmed with a black cloth trim, the so-called oblamek, with one red stripe of English cloth called wscyp z angliji [lit. an insert from England].

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The presented object is a pair of white baize trousers, Orava (originating from the area of Zubrzyca-Orava) made of white factory-made baize resembling home-spun cloth. One of the characteristic features which also occurs in other outfits of the Carpathian highlanders is two cuts at the waist, called zwory, trimmed with a black cloth trim, the so-called oblamek, with one red stripe of English cloth called wscyp z angliji [lit. an insert from England]. These are two flies, which were covered with two white flaps. The bottom of the cut is decorated with a cyfra – the noźnica created from a fancifully curled black haberdashery tape. A properly distributed tape, intersected several times in the middle, forms the shape of a rhombus. These decorations were called parzenice in Orava.
Parzenice are common in outfits throughout the entire Carpathian culture, and the region they come from can be recognised by their shape, size and colour. There also used to be some local versions of them. The appearance of the Orava parzenica indicates the transmission of the influence of Hungarian culture – by reproducing patterns or adopting ornamentation from military uniforms.
Along the side seams, stripes of black tape called lampasy are sewn into the trousers. There appear delicate decorations called raki on the sides of the stripes at the height of hips. Above the cut at the bottom of the trousers, bobbles are attached in the form of small red-green balls. The oblamek of the cut in the leg is black with one red wscyp. The back of the trousers has oblique cuts, which indicate an older pattern and type of sewing technique.
The trousers were sewn by Jan Paniak from Jabłonka, commissioned by an open-air museum in Zubrzyca. This is a typical example of the Orava parade trousers, worn in Upper Orava not on ordinary days, but during holiday time. Even in the 1960s, they were worn during great religious and church ceremonies sporadically. Today, the tradition of Orava costumes is cultivated primarily by regional folk bands. Sometimes these costumes are worn during holidays and family gatherings.

Elaborated by the Orava Ethnographic Park Museum in Zubrzyca Górna, © all rights reserved

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Orava trousers

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