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- Author figural scenes — Friedrich I Schwestermüller, body and assembly – “IL” Master
- Date of production end of the 17th century
- Place of creation Augsburg, Riga
- Dimensions height: 24.7 cm, width: 26 cm, diameter: 15.9 cm, cover: 17.4 cm
- ID no. MT.IV.210
- Branch Town Hall in Tarnów
- Collector exhibit from the collection of Sanguszko Princes
- Object copyright District Museum in Tarnów
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums project
European goldsmithing between the 16th and the 18th century reached an unprecedented artistic and technical level, which was largely due to German masters operating mostly in the chief goldsmithing centre — Augsburg. Thanks to their mass production and high artistic class, goldsmith products from Augsburg soon dominated the markets of Central and Eastern Europe.more
The body of the vessel is decorated with the strip of silver plate with the repoussé scene depicting the welcome of King Saul after his return from the victorious war with the Philistines. The cover bears a semi-circular badge presenting the encounter of Eleazar with Rebecca at the well. Both figural scenes were made at the end of the 17th century, in the workshop of the Augsburg master Friedrich I Schwestermüller, operating from 1678 to 1701. They were assumedly exported as semi-products to Riga, where a goldsmith – known only under the “IL” initials — integrated them into the mugs of his own production. Both vessels found their way into the museum collection in 1945 from the collection of the Sanguszko princes, from the palace in Gumniska near Tarnów. Their earlier history remains unknown — the only known fact is that at the beginning of the 19th century they were kept in the family property in Slavuta.
European goldsmithing between the 16th and the 18th century reached an unprecedented artistic and technical level, which was largely due to German masters operating mostly in the chief goldsmithing centre — Augsburg. Thanks to their mass production and high artistic class, goldsmith products from Augsburg soon dominated the markets of Central and Eastern Europe. In Poland in the 17th and 18th centuries, during the Sarmatism era, there co-existed two tastes among the aristocratic strata of society: the “eastern” taste — favouring oriental products, and the “western” taste. The latter trend was manifested by, e.g., the liking of luxurious goldsmith products imported mostly from Germany. Ready products were imported mainly from Augsburg, while semi-products, later used in the production of goldsmith items in other European workshops, were exported. This was exactly the case with the mug from the collection of the Museum in Tarnów, decorated with biblical scenes (it comes from the set of the two twin mugs, differing with the themes of the depicted scenes).
Elaborated by Łukasz Sęk (District Museum in Tarnów), © all rights reserved