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- Date of production 2nd half of the 18th century
- Place of creation Stary Sącz, Poland
- Dimensions height: 100 cm, width: 86.5 cm
- ID no. MNS/69/S
- Branch The Gothic House
- Availability “Guild sacred art in the 14th to 19th centuries“ exhibition
- Acquired date 1945
- Object copyright Nowy Sącz District Museum
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums project
The painting was purchased for the museum in 1945. It was created in the second half of the 18th century in one of the guilds in Stary Sącz. It is a very interesting and symbolic work of art which refers to the theme of death and transience so popular in Baroque art. The painting is divided into three parts: two of them are in the shape of a standing rectangle in the upper part and one is of an oblong shape in the lower part.more
The painting was purchased for the museum in 1945. It was created in the second half of the 18th century in one of the guilds in Stary Sącz. It is a very interesting and symbolic work of art which refers to the theme of death and transience so popular in Baroque art. The painting is divided into three parts: two of them are in the shape of a standing rectangle in the upper part and one is of an oblong shape in the lower part. The upper paintings present the Expulsion of Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden as well as the Crucifixion. Both depictions are provided with the Latin signature which reads Creatio et pecatum oryginale; Adami et Eva (The creation and punishment for the original sin — Adam and Eve) as well as Redemption. The lower part illustrates the moralising content of the work. The symbolic representations placed in this part are provided with Latin sentences, facilitating the recipient the correct reading of the painting. In the centre of the described part is a head of which one half has the form of a skull with a snake winding through its holes and an apple in its mouth, while the second half has the form of a female face. The head symbolises the head of Eve before and after the original sin, the consequence of which is death. On the head is a golden-framed clock which measures the passing of human life. On the sides of the head and the clock are the following inscriptions: Memento Mori, Venit hora homo era (Remember to death. Your hour shall come) and Hodie michi — cras tibi (My lot today, yours tomorrow). Under the head is a card with a musical notation, a book, and a pearl necklace. On the left of the head is a candlestick with a fading light and the caption Defecerunt sicunt fumus dies mei (For my days are vanished like smoke) and a coffin. Around the head various objects are depicted: a crown, a sceptre, playing cards, dice, and also rings. They refer to man’s worldly pleasures and desires such as power, entertainment, wealth and knowledge, in search of what he wastes his life with. It is commented by the inscription placed over the coffin: Universa vanitas omnis homo vivens (World luxuries of all people). On the right side of the head is a depiction of bubbles flying away, which symbolises the transience of human life; as well as a bouquet of roses with falling petals, accompanied with the caption: Qui qasi flos egreditur et conteritur (Brief as a flower that blooms and withers). At the bottom of the painting is a sentence summarising everything, which says Erit tibi pro suavi odore faetor et pro crispanti erine calvitium Isaia 3-tio (Fated for you is foetor instead of perfumes, baldness instead of combed hair).
Elaborated by Edyta Ross-Pazdyk (Nowy Sącz District Museum), © all rights reserved