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- Date of production 20th century
- Place of creation Israel
- Dimensions height: 10.2 cm, width: 2.8 cm, thickness: 0.6 cm
- ID no. MNS/3135/S
- Object copyright Nowy Sącz District Museum
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums project
A mezuzah is a small oblong container made mostly of metal or wood, containing a parchment rolled into a scroll (klaf) on which two passages of the Torah, from the Book of Deuteronomy, are written by hand in Hebrew.more
This parchment is rolled from left to right, so that the text can be read from the beginning while unrolling. The mezuzah is attached to the door frame on the right, diagonally, so that the upper part faces the door. It was most often nailed there, when moving into the home or no later than within 29 days of settling there. The function of the mezuzah was to remind pious Jews entering their homes about how they should behave at home with their relatives and how to fulfil the commandments regarding the relationship between God and themselves, and, when leaving the house, about the requirements that the Torah sets for them in relation to people and the world. e The parchments stored inside the mezuzah are checked from time to time to see if they are not damaged in any way; in the case of mezuzahs in homes, this is done twice in seven years; while in public places, it is once every fifty years.
The mezuzah in the collection of the Regional Museum in Nowy Sącz isn decorated in an interesting manner. The front of the object is divided into 12 rectangular boxes, arranged in two columns. Convex symbols of the twelve Israeli tribes are placed in these alternately arranged blue and brown enamel backgrounds, surrounded by a framed. These tribes are descended from the twelve sons of Jacob, who divided the land of Israel among themselves. Their symbols are: a deer, the rising sun, tents, a jar with a sword, a tree, a lion, oars, a donkey, a grape, a ship, a fox, and a snake. At the bottom of the mezuzah, there is a twisted cord with little volutes at the ends and a hole for a nail in the middle; at the top, there is a Hebrew inscription and the letter shin, on the sides of which there are two holes for nails. Three fragments of a Hebrew text on parchment are attached to the mezuzah. In 1987, Albin Kac, a former resident of Nowy Sącz of Jewish descent, who currently lives in Israel, donated the mezuzah to the museum’s collection.
Elaborated by Edyta Ross-Pazdyk (Nowy Sącz District Museum), © all rights reserved