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Today’s male costume of the Szczawnica highlanders consists of a black felt hat decorated above the ruff, a linen shirt with a small stand-up collar without the neckband, a blue cloth waistcoat with embroidered decorations on the back and front tails, a short cucha jacket made of brown cloth, which was worn on the shoulder, a sleeveless sheepskin coat, white cloth trousers embroidered along the cuts at the bottom of the legs, at the upper cut as well as along stitches, and kierpce (hard-soled leather moccasins).

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Today’s male costume of the Szczawnica highlanders consists of a black felt hat decorated above the ruff, a linen shirt with a small stand-up collar without the neckband, a blue cloth waistcoat with embroidered decorations on the back and front tails, a short cucha jacket made of brown cloth, which was worn on the shoulder, a sleeveless sheepskin coat, white cloth trousers embroidered along the cuts at the bottom of the legs, at the upper cut as well as along stitches, and kierpce (hard-soled leather moccasins).
In the past the Szczawnica highlanders wore felt hats with rolled up ruffs, decorated with several rows of brass buttons – the so-called raki, white, knee-long coats with wide folds on the sides, and white linen shirts. On the wrists embroidered cuffs were worn. Blue waistcoats were decorated with metal buttons and appliqués concentrated in three groups and made of yellow or red band. The waistcoat is the element of the outfit which particularly distinguishes the Szczawnica highlander from other groups of highlanders. The trousers called portki were sewn of homespun cloth, with one cut in the front (above the right groin), the so-called przypór (holder) covered with a trapezoid zalatac (cover).
The pant legs of the Szczawnica trousers were much looser than in Podhale. At the bottom of the pant legs, cuts were made called przyporki (holders). In the past the decoration of trousers was limited only to a narrow red edge around the “holder”, and subsequently along the leg stitch. Over time a rich cross stitching and naturalistic floral motifs developed. Trousers were held up with a 2-metre long waistband and a wide belt (opasek) made of double embossed leather fastened with four buckles. Kierpce were worn on the feet.
Today the elements of the traditional male costume from Szczawnica can be seen exclusively in the collection from the Pieniny Mountains Museum.

Elaborated by Barbara Węglarz (Nowy Sącz District Museum), © all rights reserved

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Men’s folk costume — the Szczawnica highlanders

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