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Today’s female folk costume of the Szczawnica highlanders consists of a corset made of black velvet with large floral patterns embroidered with silk threads on the back and the front, which is put on a white shirt, a skirt from green tybet fabric printed in large red flowers, an embroidered tulle apron and kierpce (hard-soled leather moccasins) put on white socks. In the past married women covered their heads with coifs and later with scarves. In the winter they wore cloth slippers and long sheepskin coats with sleeves.

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Today’s female folk costume of the Szczawnica highlanders consists of a corset made of black velvet with large floral patterns embroidered with silk threads on the back and the front, which is put on a white shirt, a skirt from green tybet fabric printed in large red flowers, an embroidered tulle apron and kierpce (hard-soled leather moccasins) put on white socks. In the past married women covered their heads with coifs and later with scarves. In the winter they wore cloth slippers and long sheepskin coats with sleeves. Instead of today’s tybet skirts they wore red and white, striped kanafaska skirts. Corsets were made of red cloth, fastened with one row of buttons. Over time, embroidery developed along the row of buttons. According to folk tradition, these oldest corsets were redone from trousers of Austrian uniforms brought back by men returning from the many years of military service. They were worn on white shirts richly creased at the neck, decorated with red stripes on the shoulders and cuffs (manchette). On the shoulders a white rańtuch (a scarf usually put on the head and shoulders) was worn, and on the feet — black boots. Around the neck were several strings of beads with a red-ribbon bow underneath. During a wedding the bride and her bridesmaids put on wreaths of artificial flowers with colourful ribbons falling on their shoulders.
This old Szczawnica female costume can be seen in the Pieniny Mountains Museum. It was clearly influenced by Spisz, e.g., a tight coif with a sharp edge over the forehead, a shirt with red stripes on the shoulders, a homespun skirt of red and white striped fabric known as a kanafaska as well as high leather boots called Hungarian.

Elaborated by Barbara Węglarz (Nowy Sącz District Museum), © all rights reserved

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Women’s folk — the Szczawnica highlanders

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Audio

Kobiecy strój ludowy — górale szczawniccy [audiodeskrypcja] Tells: Fundacja na Rzecz Rozwoju Audiodeskrypcji KATARYNKA
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Kobiecy strój ludowy – górale szczawniccy / Męski strój ludowy – górale szczawniccy Tells: Krystyna Reinfuss-Janusz
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