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- Date of production 17th/18th century
- Place of creation Western Rus (former Republic of Poland)
- Dimensions height: 134 cm (with the frame), 107 cm (without the frame), width: 98 cm (with the frame), 61 cm (without the frame)
- ID no. MNK-XVIII-47
- Branch The Bishop Erazm Ciołek Palace
- Object copyright The National Museum in Kraków
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums project
The icon is of the “Our Lady of Care” type and is known as Pokrow, which is characteristic for Ruthenia. The proper source of the icon's theme was the vision of Andrzej the Mad (cs. Jurodiwyj), which he experienced at the Blatzne temple in Constantinople.more
The icon is of the “Our Lady of Care” type and is known as Pokrow, which is characteristic for Ruthenia. The proper source of the icon's theme was the vision of Andrzej the Mad (cs. Jurodiwyj), which he experienced at the Blatzne temple in Constantinople.
The festivity of Our Lady of Care was on 1 October, and, at the same time, it was the feast of Bishop Ananias and Roman Melodos (Slodkopiewca), who were both present on the icon, next to Andrzej the Mad, with his disciple, Epifanios. Roman — in the centre at the bottom — illustrates a verse of the kontakion, tone 3, sung in the church for the festivity of Our Lady of Care: “The lady stands before us in the church [and with the masses of saints she invisibly prays for us to God]”. A troparion, tone 4, is also sung that day: “Let us solemnly celebrate today, pious people, dazzled by you, Mother of God, coming, and looking at your clear image. Let us cry out with love. Shield us with your venerable cloak and deliver us from all evil, and ask the Son for the salvation of our souls.”
The older icons often depicted an imperial couple, usually Leon the Wise and Zoe, and later, Constantine and his mother Helena. The bishop presented alongside the imperial couple could be Sylvester, associated with finding the relic of the Holy Cross and the dedication of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. The royal couple is prominent among the people in the foreground on the Ruthenian icon. In front of them, there is a bishop, who is believed to be the first Greek Catholic bishop of Lviv (from 1700), Józef Szumlański. The physiognomic features of the royal couple indicate that they should be recognized as King Jan III Sobieski (1629–1696, king from 1674) and his wife Maria Kazimiera (1641–1716) and the aforementioned Józef Szumlański, who was to accompany the king, still as a chaplain, in a battle near Vienna. The presence of the king can be explained by the fact that — thanks to his triumphs — he had become extremely popular in Red Ruthenia and Podolia.
Elaborated by Mirosław Piotr Kruk (The National Museum in Kraków), © all rights reserved