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The head is made of gold with six feathers fully covered with an engraved and chiselled floral ornament with niello petals, leaves and palmettes. At the end of the head there is a screwed-in pear-shaped pinnacle with embedded rubies and diamonds. When screwed out, it enables the feathers to protrude.

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The head is made of gold with six feathers fully covered with an engraved and chiselled floral ornament with niello petals, leaves and palmettes. At the end of the head there is a screwed-in pear-shaped pinnacle with embedded rubies and diamonds. When screwed out, it enables the feathers to protrude. The head is separated from the shaft with a ring set alternately with rubies and diamonds. The shaft is made of gilded copper and covered with an intricate floral decoration with niello palmettes, cypresses and rosettes. It is divided into eight decorative zones with vertical, diagonally engraved bars. The shaft handle is separated with a ring, covered with a niello floral decoration. The shaft is hollow with a steel handle; a triangular head is hidden inside.
This mace has a unique value as it shows the taste of the aristocracy, holding the highest state and military positions in the old Republic of Poland. Apart from the undeniable artistic value, it also has an extraordinary historical importance. Stanisław Jabłonowski, at his own cost, put up several regiments of Hussar and armoured cavalry and, as their nominal commander, could have used the mace for inspections of the formally commanded unit. In the battlefield the regiments were commanded by lieutenants appointed by him.
In the 19th century the mace was most likely stored in the armoury of the Krasiczyn Castle where it landed after the Hetman’s death by way of inheritance. In 1948 it was deposited in the National Museum in Kraków by Cardinal Adam Stefan Sapieha, and later, in 1981, donated to the museum by the Cardinal’s heir, Michał Ksawery Sapieha.

Elaborated by Piotr Wilkosz (The National Museum in Kraków), © all rights reserved

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Golden mace of Hetman Stanisław Jabłonowski

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