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- Date of production 1831
- Dimensions height: 1.5 cm, length: 11.2 cm, width: 7.4 cm
- ID no. MNK-VII-V-4925
- Object copyright The National Museum in Kraków
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums project
At the time of the November Uprising, which broke out in Warsaw in 1830 to oppose Tsarist Russia, the National Government ordered a series of new coins to be made including a 3 copper groschen, a 10 coin groschen, silver two- and five-zloty coins and gold Dutch ducats.more
At the time of the November Uprising, which broke out in Warsaw in 1830 to oppose Tsarist Russia, the National Government ordered a series of new coins to be made including a 3 copper groschen, a 10 coin groschen, silver two- and five-zloty coins and gold Dutch ducats. The management of the Warsaw mint was taken over by the Bank of Poland. The emperor’s head and a double-headed Russian eagle were removed from the coin stamps. The obverse of the first four denominations featured the crowned Polish-Lithuanian emblem and the “Kingdom of Poland” inscription. Additionally, the five-zloty coin was fitted with a “GOD SAVE POLAND” inscription embossed at the border. The coins were issued according to the 1815 weight standard. The “K.G.” letters visible on the reverse referred to Karol Gronau, manager of the Warsaw mint in the years 1829—1834.
Dutch ducats circulated in the market earlier, along with the national currency, and were the coins used for international trade. On the obverse of the insurgent ducats, there was a knight with 7 arrows in his left hand and a raised sword in his right hand. On the sides, there was the “18–31” date with the encircling inscription: CONCORDIA RES PARVAE CRESCUNT [Concord makes small things flourish]. These ducats differed from the original Dutch issue by a tiny eagle starting the legend on the obverse. The gold used to produce the coins came from a public collection organised in response to the appeal by the National Government.
The commemorative boxes containing these coins and the one-zloty banknote originate from the same period. The box lids were decorated with silver emblems of Poland and Lithuania, or just the Polish eagle and gilded inscriptions. These days they are valuable collector’s items.
Elaborated by Elżbieta Korczyńska (The National Museum in Kraków), © all rights reserved