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Pottery products, which have accompanied people from the dawn of history, are associated mainly with folk mementos these days, while the function of pottery was successfully taken over by industrial products, not limited by fragile material.

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Pottery products, which have accompanied people from the dawn of history, are associated mainly with folk mementos these days, while the function of pottery was successfully taken over by industrial products, not limited by fragile material. At the beginning of the 20th century, souvenirs like earthen jugs, being an example of the perfect pottery artistry, a testimony to visiting the holy place, and the practical vessels, for example used to keep holy water, were made in local pottery workshops.
The presented jug was made in a traditional way, that is by hand, and of clay, on a potter’s wheel, according to the norms of the time. A cylindrical neck with a profiled edge decorated with parallel engraved lines. On the whole height of the neck is a marked nozzle. The passage from the body to the neck is underlined by a bunch of parallel engraved lines. An equatorial line of a body goes more or less in the middle of its height. Under the nozzle in the upper part of the body is an image of the Mother of God with the inscription “Souvenir from Kalwaria” engraved. On the sides, there are two leaves decorated with many insets.
Its form refers to the “Andrychów school.” In Andrychów there was a significant pottery centre which developed its own patterns for many decades.
Similar souvenirs could be bought until World War II in the Kalwaria Zebrzydowska Sanctuary during big church fairs. Potters from far and wide sold their signed products there.
It is worth knowing that at the turn of the 20th century, pottery workshops were operating in over 900 places; however, today fewer than 200 craftsmen do pottery for a living.

Elaborated by the Aleksander Kłosiński Museum in Kęty, © all rights reserved

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Dark brown earthen jug

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