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- Date of production early 20th century
- Place of creation Poland
- ID no. MK/E/28, 217, 226, 299, 429
- Object copyright Aleksander Kłosiński Museum in Kęty
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska’s Virtual Museums project
Kęty and its surrounding areas had been inhabited by the Lendians for centuries. Female costume is one of the few examples of Lendian culture which have survived to the present day, n examples of which are presented at the museum in Kęty. Single examples of such costumes could still be seen on the streets of Kęty in the 1970s.more
Kęty and its surrounding areas had been inhabited by the Lendians for centuries. Female costume is one of the few examples of Lendian culture which have survived to the present day, n examples of which are presented at the museum in Kęty. Single examples of such costumes could still be seen on the streets of Kęty in the 1970s.
Over the centuries, there were various changes in Lendian costume, resulting from the then current fashion. However, the main principles, such as the number of elements and their overall cut — as well as the differences between the outfits of married and unmarried women — remained unchanged. Fashion influences can be observed in the selection of fabrics, ornaments, and trim, for example, that of a kaftan around the neck.
The presented costume is a married woman’s outfit. It is a festive outfit, because it is mostly these ones that have survived to our times. The individual elements of this costume may be carefully examined. Dressing started — just like today — from the underwear, which consisted of a simple shirt and a petticoat called a powłócka, made of white canvas. Next, a “skirt” with a bib was put on, in this case, made of a black woollen fabric, tucked into the waist. The apron was always placed over it, the bottom edge of which had to be an equal length to the edge of the skirt. The presented apron was made of white batiste and is decorated with white embroidery as well as vertical and horizontal pleats. Another integral part of the outfit is the kaftan, similar to a jacket or blouse with characteristic sleeves, puffed in the upper part, strongly tapered downwards. The kaftan with a shawl collar, fastened with snaps, was made of a brown woollen fabric. At the cuffs, along the fastening, and at the bottom edge, it is decorated with floral motifs, made with strings of embroidery, in a colour similar to that of the colour of the fabric.
A beige silk headscarf, with a jacquard weave and navy blue floral motifs, surrounded by fringes, has been placed on the head of the Lendian woman This was called a ślaśka, which — as the name suggests — was the result of the influence of Silesia on Lendian fashion.
One of the features of the Lendian costume, which deserves special attention, was the tendency to narrow the variety of colours and avoid sharp, flashy colours, which is why, according to some folklorists, it is not very attractive — an opinion which may be disputed.
Elaborated by the Aleksander Kłosiński Museum in Kęty, © all rights reserved