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One exhibit which usually arouses substantial interest among visitors to the Museum in Kęty is the 19th-century wooden lister, which can also be called a plough or a small plough. A lister differed from a plough in the fact that it did not turn over a ridge during ploughing and because...

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One exhibit which usually arouses substantial interest among visitors to the Museum in Kęty is the 19th-century wooden lister, which can also be called a plough or a small plough. A lister differed from a plough in the fact that it did not turn over a ridge during ploughing and because it was more similar to a coulter or rather to a little coulter (a piece of equipment designed for potato cultivation). Although mainly made of wood, a lister is a complicated piece of farm equipment. It allowed one to regulate both the width of a furrow and the depth of ploughing. Such a piece of equipment has not been found either in literature or in collections of other museums. It differs from similarly documented listers in the size of the wheel (a significantly bigger wheel) and in the way it was attached. The plough beam in the exhibit from the Museum in Kęty is split, and between its arms a wheel is installed. In other listers, however, a considerably smaller wheel is joined with a slat which goes from a single plough beam.
The whole device can be described in the following way: the moldboards determines the width of the furrow, the coulter is an element which bites into the soil, the handwheel is used to regulate the depth, the rim of the wheel is made of iron. The wheel itself and also its spokes are made of wood and similarly a plough beam, a ploughshare, a handle, and other elements. Such a lister was probably harnessed to a pair of horses. It surely belonged to a farmer who “worked” the large area of soil with it. The lister was acquired by the Museum in Kęty as a donation.

Elaborated by the Aleksander Kłosiński Museum in Kęty, © all rights reserved

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Plough, small plough, wooden two-sided lister

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