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- Author unknown
- Date of production 1564–1565
- Place of creation Kraków, Poland
- Dimensions height: 41.5 cm, length: base: 22 cm, width: 15.5 cm
- ID no. MHK 179/BrK
- Object copyright Historical Museum of the City of Kraków
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums project
The silver fowler of the Kraków Fowler Brotherhood is one of the most valuable objects in the Historical Museum of the City of Kraków. This is an example of the work of an outstanding goldsmith of Renaissance Kraków. Unfortunately, we do not know either the artist's name or the goldsmith's workshop responsible for the creation of the bird's sculpture. Very few of the marksmen's societies can boast of an original, well-preserved, cockrel of this type.more
The silver fowler of the Kraków Fowler Brotherhood is one of the most valuable objects in the Historical Museum of the City of Kraków. This is an example of the work of an outstanding goldsmith of Renaissance Kraków. Unfortunately, we do not know either the artist's name or the goldsmith's workshop responsible for the creation of the bird's sculpture. Very few of the marksmen's societies can boast of an original, well-preserved, cockrel of this type. It is the symbol of the organization and insignia of the King of the Marksmen — the best shooter — the winner of the annual shooting competition. The rooster is a gift of the City Council to the Kraków Marksmen's Society. However, probably for reasons of prestige, it has been maintained for centuries that it was a gift from King Sigismund August.
The work consists of a fully-artistic figure of a bird in left profile, with raised wings and head turned en face, standing on a bough-shaped base. Its neck, body, and wings have a texture imitating feathers. There is a crown on the bird's head. On the neck, we may observe a wreath with a hanging pendant, in the shape of a polygonal cartouche, topped with cliffs, with the coat of arms of Kraków, made of colourful enamel. Below, is the signature: KRAKÓW. On the reverse side, there is an engraved inscription: GŁÓNEJ REPERACYI / KURA / DOKONAŁ / KAROL CZAPLICKI / JUBILER / 1899. Because the magnificent bird weighs 3.6 kg, the chain used to carry the jewel by the King of the Marksmen, during the ceremonies of this society and others, is attached to the torso. At the bottom of the base is the inscription: DAS.SYNDT.DIE.ELTEST / EN.IN.DEM.YAR / 220.127.116.11/ CHRSTOF.ZURICH./ ERASMUS.ZURUS / SIMON.STOLARSZ / IAN.KROTZECK / ENDRIS.FOGELWADER / STENTZEL.GROSCH / JAN LANG / FRIDRICH.LEYTZNER . This is a list of the society's elders from 1565. In the 2nd half of the 18th century, a few additional loose wings were made for hanging the so-called jewels; that is, the abdication gifts of the Kings of the Marksmen, which were used until 1878. In 1964, Wiesław Łabędzki made the first copy of the rooster, which was given to the Historical Museum of City of Kraków. In 1984, another was made by Stefan Luchter. This copy was handed over by the president of the city of Kraków in 1985, to the Marksmen's Society’s “Flower Brotherhood” in Kraków and is still used today by successive ‘kings’.
Elaborated by Małgorzata Niechaj (Historical Museum of the City of Kraków),© all rights reserved