List of all exhibits. Click on one of them to go to the exhibit page. The topics allow exhibits to be selected by their concept categories. On the right, you can choose the settings of the list view.

The list below shows links between exhibits in a non-standard way. The points denote the exhibits and the connecting lines are connections between them, according to the selected categories.

Enter the end dates in the windows in order to set the period you are interested in on the timeline.

Views: 1625
(Votes: 3)
The average rating is 5.0 stars out of 5.
Print metrics
Print description

The elongated rectangle of maroon velvet consisting of three rectangles sewn together: the largest embroidered one in the centre and two smaller ones attached on its sides, not embroidered. The decoration in a silver and gold-like hue fills in the surface of the central rectangle: a crown flanked by griffins-lions and vases with flowers. Above them, right at the upper edge, runs a one-line Hebrew inscription composed of four divided words:

כתר תורה
“Crown of the Torah”

more

The elongated rectangle of maroon velvet consisting of three rectangles sewn together: the largest embroidered one in the centre and two smaller ones attached on its sides, not embroidered. The decoration in a silver and gold-like hue fills in the surface of the central rectangle: a crown flanked by griffins-lions and vases with flowers. Above them, right at the upper edge, runs a one-line Hebrew inscription composed of four divided words:

כתר תורה
“Crown of the Torah”

קדש ליי
“Holiness to the Lord” (Exodus: 28,36)

Under the decoration is the four-lined donative inscription in Hebrew, embroidered with a metal thread:


נ(דבת) י(ד) חח כ(בוד) ה(רב) פסח בן הגאון מ(ורנו) / יוסף אלי ז(כר צ(דיק)ל(ברכה) א(ב) ב(ית) ד(ין) מבינגא /
נכד הגאון המפורסם מ יוסף שמואל ז(כר) צ(דיק) ל(ברכה) א(ב) ב(ית) ד(ין)
ור(אש) מ(תיבתא דק(הילה) ק(דושה) פפר וזוגתו אשת חיל / מ(רת) בילה בת כ(בוד) מאיר אולמא מפערש ז(כרונו) ל(ברכה) /
שנת תקל בנ(ברא) ה(עולם)

A gift from the reverent Rabbi Pesach, the son of the scholar, Józef Eliasz*of blessed memory, the head of the rabbinical court in Bingen, the grandson of the famous scholar, Józef Samuel **of blessed memory, the head of the rabbinical court and the superior of the rabbinical academy of the holy community in Frankfurt am Main; and his wife, “virtuous woman” (Prov. 31, 10), Bela, the daughter of the reverent Meir Ulmo of Pfersee of blessed memory. In the year 5(530) from the creation of the universe [= 1770].

* Józef Eliasz, the chief rabbi in Bingen, Germany, born in Kraków in about 1645, died in Bingen on 14.06.1701.
** Józef Samuel Israel Chaim (Hayum) Jesaias, from 1690 the chief rabbi and the superior of the rabbinical academy in Frankfurt am Main, born in Kraków in about 1610, died in Frankfurt am Main on 9.11.1703.

Elaborated by Eugeniusz Duda (Historical Museum of the City of Kraków), © all rights reserved

less

Parochet and pelmet

The custom of hanging a parochet on the Aron Kodesh door (the Torah Ark in the synagogue, in which the Torah scrolls are kept) goes back to Biblical times. In the Temple of Jerusalem there was a similar curtain separating the Holy place from the Holy of Holies...

more

The custom of hanging a parochet on the Aron Kodesh door (the Torah Ark in the synagogue, in which the Torah scrolls are kept) goes back to Biblical times. In the Temple of Jerusalem there was a similar curtain separating the Holy place from the Holy of Holies. In this place, the Ark of the Covenant containing the Tablets of Stone on which the Ten Commandments were inscribed was stored. The cover of the Ark was decorated with gold cherubim, between which, according to tradition, the Divine Presence of God called Shekinah was settled. It was and still is separated and protected by the parochet. In the times of the Temple of Jerusalem only the High Priest could enter it and only once a year.
The colours of the parochet can be freely chosen. There are, however, two exceptions: on Rosh Hashanah — the Jewish New Year and on Yom Kippur — the Day of Atonement, only a white colour is allowed. On these days devout Jews purify themselves of their sins. The white colour symbolises spiritual purity and therefore white clothes should be worn.
The role of the Biblical gold cover of the Ark of the Covenant is played by the pelmet, also called a cornice board, which is placed above the Aron Kodesh. The pelmet and the Aron Kodesh frequently create a compositional whole. You should see the pelmet belonging to the collection of the Historical Museum of the City of Kraków and compare the symbolism of these two exhibits on our website.

Elaborated by Kinga Kołodziejska (Editorial team of Małopolska’s Virtual Museums),
Licencja Creative Commons

 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License.

See also:
Parochet — curtain that covers the Torah Ark

less

Pelmet

Pictures

Links

INTERPRETATIONS

Game


Recent comments

Add comment: