List of all exhibits. Click on one of them to go to the exhibit page. The topics allow exhibits to be selected by their concept categories. On the right, you can choose the settings of the list view.
The list below shows links between exhibits in a non-standard way. The points denote the exhibits and the connecting lines are connections between them, according to the selected categories.
Enter the end dates in the windows in order to set the period you are interested in on the timeline.
- Author unknown
- Date of production ca. 1942—43
- Place of creation Kraków, Poland
- Dimensions height: 7.2 cm, width: 10.4 cm
- ID no. MHK Fs15436/IX
- Branch The Eagle Pharmacy
- Object copyright Historical Museum of the City of Kraków
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation HMCK
The photograph was taken either in 1942 or 1943, in the times of the Kraków ghetto in Podgórze. It presents Tadeusz Pankiewicz accompanied by his employees: Helena Krywaniuk (in the background), Aurelia Danek (in the middle) and Irena Droździkowska. Contrary to their superior, the women did not stay in the ghetto at night.more
The photograph was taken either in 1942 or 1943, in the times of the Kraków ghetto in Podgórze. It presents Tadeusz Pankiewicz accompanied by his employees: Helena Krywaniuk (in the background), Aurelia Danek (in the middle) and Irena Droździkowska. Contrary to their superior, the women did not stay in the ghetto at night. The photograph also shows the interior of the pharmacy — a typical counter with pharmaceutical scales, medicine cabinets in the background. This perspective suggests that the photograph must have been taken by someone standing in the front door of the building.
The Pod Orłem [Eagle] Pharmacy was located in the corner of the then Zgody Square (today the Ghetto Heroes’ Square — Plac Bohaterów Getta) and Targowa Street, in the very heart of the ghetto which was created in this part of Podgórze on 21 March 1941. Although Pankiewicz was not of Jewish origin, he resolved to stay in the “Jewish district” until the tragic liquidation of the Jewish community on 13 and 14 March 1943. He was the only “Aryan” to be granted the permit to reside in the ghetto not only during the opening hours of the pharmacy, but also at night, in the duty room serving as Pankiewicz’s flat. The pharmacist was afraid that he could lose his family business and preferred not to leave the facility unattended, knowing how easily and with impunity the occupant took over each property. When resolving to stay in the ghetto, he was not yet aware of the inhuman scenes he was about to witness. What he also didn’t know was that his pharmacy would become an oasis, the poor substitute for normality and freedom in a world where the passing of each day minimised hope for survival. At that time, he could not have known that he and his pharmacy would be remembered until the present day by those few who survived.
On the pharmacy door there was the inscription, Apteka J. Pankiewicza [J. Pankiewicz’s Pharmacy], referring to the name of his father, Józef Pankiewicz, who had arrived in dynamically developing Free City of Podgórze (connected to Kraków as late as 1915) together with his family from Sambor at the beginning of 1909. At the end of 1909, Józef managed to obtain a licence to open a pharmacy at the newly-created Small Square (Mały Rynek — called this way in contrast to the Podgórze Main Square of the then still independent Podgórze district); today’s address: 18 Ghetto Heroes’ Square. In 1930, having obtained a certificate at the Faculty of Pharmacy at Jagiellonian University, Tadeusz joined his father’s business and took over the management of the family company three years later. Today the pharmacy is a branch of the Historical Museum of the City of Kraków and commemorates this place as a unique one on the map of the ghetto.
Elaborated by the editorial team of Małopolska’s Virtual Museums, CC-BY 3.0 PL