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- Author Karol Modes
- Date of production 1852
- Place of creation Kraków, Poland
- Dimensions height: 37 mm, length: 100 mm
- ID no. MHK 177/BrK
- Object copyright Historical Museum of the City of Kraków
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums project
The model of the “Kraków” locomotive is one of the most interesting exhibits in the collection of the Bractwo Kurkowe [Brotherhood of the Rooster]. It is a model of a steam locomotive with the 1B axis system (one rolling axis in the front and two drive connected axes—average-size wheels). Such a steam locomotive was provided by the Borsig factory in Berlin in 1847 for the Kraków–Upper Silesian Railway and was designed for cargo transport.more
The model of the “Kraków” locomotive is one of the most interesting exhibits in the collection of the Bractwo Kurkowe [Brotherhood of the Rooster]. It is a model of a steam locomotive with the 1B axis system (one rolling axis in the front and two drive connected axes—average–size wheels). Such a steam locomotive was provided by the Borsig factory in Berlin in 1847 for the Kraków–Upper Silesian Railway and was designed for cargo transport. At the same time, the railway also received a steam locomotive with the 1A1 axis system (a rolling axis in the front, one drive axis and one rolling axis at the back) for passenger transportation, which on 13 October 1847 inaugurated the railway traffic in Kraków and ran on the newly–opened railway on the Kraków–Mysłowice route. This moment was captured by Teodor Baltazar Stachowicz (1800—1873) in the oil painting belonging to the collection of the Historical Museum of the City of Kraków.
Initially, the steam locomotive had the Roman numeral, “I”. The name, “Kraków”, was only given in 1855, the day before opening the railway to Dębica in February 1856. This is when numerical names of other steam locomotives were replaced with individual names.
The locomotive is the abdicative gift of 1851, the so-called jewel of the King of the Rooster, Józef Schreder (1819—1897), a railway engineer and later the head of the railways. The miniature model presented here was sewn on a green velvet cushion together with other gifts of the kings of the rooster. The faithful model made of silver, with movable elements, has a high interest of visitors, standing out among other “jewels”, usually medals or coins.
Elaborated by Małgorzata Niechaj (Historical Museum of the City of Kraków), © all rights reserved