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The Ernoflex (Model II) is a single-lens reflex camera with a folding structure, for cut film and glass discs, with a 9 x 12 cm format, produced in 1910–1920, by the company Heinrich Ernemann AG from Dresden (Germany). The camera body is double-folded, made entirely of metal, and covered with black leather with a decorative texture.

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The Ernoflex (Model II) is a single-lens reflex camera with a folding structure, for cut film and glass discs, with a 9 x 12 cm format, produced in 1910–1920, by the company Heinrich Ernemann AG from Dresden (Germany).
The camera body is double-folded, made entirely of metal, and covered with black leather with a decorative texture. The mirror chamber, after unfolding, is blocked with scissor struts covered with chrome. On the front flap, there is a manufacturer’s logo embossed with inscriptions. The Ernotar 4.5/180 lens is located in a metal frame, coated with black varnish.
Among the many cameras manufactured at the beginning of the 20th century, mirroring cameras undoubtedly stand out. Most often, they came in the form of large boxes, inside which the mirror moved freely. The H. Ernemannn Company, however, proposed a completely different, extremely complicated technical solution, by introducing a mirror photo camera with a folding structure. The camera consists of many movable elements, mounted on hinges and blocked by means of struts. After unfolding, the image projected through the mirror, into a horizontally mounted screen, was perfectly visible, thanks to a large sun visor covering it. Of course, before taking the picture, you had to lift the mirror, so that the negative placed in the cassette on the back of the camera could be exposed.

Elaborated by Marek Maszczak (Museum of Photography in Kraków), © all rights reserved

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Reflex cameras — how do they work?

The idea of placing a movable mirror in the camera, allowing for the projection of the image from the lens onto the horizontally mounted focusing screen, was first attempted at the turn of the 1850s and 1860s. At the end of the 19th century, many companies began to manufacture cameras that used a mirror which allowed... 

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The idea of placing a movable mirror in the camera, allowing for the projection of the image from the lens onto the horizontally mounted focusing screen, was first attempted at the turn of the 1850s and 1860s. At the end of the 19th century, many companies began to manufacture cameras that used a mirror which allowed the tracking of the image on the focusing screen, and, after lifting it, to quickly record the image on the photosensitive material placed in the cassette at the back of the camera.
Many years later — in 1936 — a similar solution was used in the Exakta camera. Since then, single-lens reflex cameras (SLR) have become one of the most popular 135 film camera designs.



Elaborated by Marek Maszczak (Museum of Photography  in Kraków), © all rights reserved

See reflex camera from the collection of The Museum of Photography in Kraków:

Primar Reflex camera
Ernoflex — camera by Heinrich Ernemann A.G. Company

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Ernoflex — camera by Heinrich Ernemann A.G. Company

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