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- Date of production The Pleistocene (the younger Vistulian)
- Place of discovery Kraków-Przewóz gravel pit
- Dimensions height: 14 cm, length: 8 cm, width: 22 cm
- ID no. ZNG PAN D-I-25
- Object copyright The Geological Museum of the Institute of Geological Sciences, Polish Academy of Sciences
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums Plus project
The presented object is a grinder of a woolly mammoth (Mammuthus Primigenius) – an extinct herbivorous mammal of the elephantine family.more
The presented object is a grinder of a woolly mammoth (Mammuthus Primigenius) – an extinct herbivorous mammal of the elephantine family. This specimen was found in the Kraków-Przewóz gravel pit, in the postglacial deposits that developed during the last glaciation in present day Poland – the northern Poland glaciation, which occurred around 115,000 to 12,000 years ago.
This is a tooth from the lower jaw of the mammoth. It is made of apatite – a mineral of the phosphate group. It consists of 15 tooth plates. In the frontal side, a large single root was preserved. On the internal side, one can see a hollow made from the pressure of the neighbouring tooth.
Elaborated by Barbara Kietlińska-Michalik (The Geological Museum of the Institute of Geological Sciences, Polish Academy of Sciences), editorial team of Małopolska’s Virtual Museums, © all rights reserved
Franciszek Bieda, Paleozoologia, vol. I, Warsaw 1966;
Urszula Radwańska, Podstawy paleontologii, Warsaw 2007.