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The presented object is a grinder of a woolly mammoth (Mammuthus Primigenius) – an extinct herbivorous mammal of the elephantine family.

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The presented object is a grinder of a woolly mammoth (Mammuthus Primigenius) – an extinct herbivorous mammal of the elephantine family. This specimen was found in the Kraków-Przewóz gravel pit, in the postglacial deposits that developed during the last glaciation in present day Poland – the northern Poland glaciation, which occurred around 115,000 to 12,000 years ago.
This is a tooth from the lower jaw of the mammoth. It is made of apatite – a mineral of the phosphate group. It consists of 15 tooth plates. In the frontal side, a large single root was preserved. On the internal side, one can see a hollow made from the pressure of the neighbouring tooth.

Elaborated by Barbara Kietlińska-Michalik (The Geological Museum of the Institute of Geological Sciences, Polish Academy of Sciences), editorial team of Małopolska’s Virtual Museums, © all rights reserved

Bibliography:
Franciszek Bieda, Paleozoologia, vol. I, Warsaw 1966;
Urszula Radwańska, Podstawy paleontologii, Warsaw 2007.

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Grinder of a mammoth “Mammuthus Primigenius”

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