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Drewniane puszki apteczne pochodzą z drugiej połowy XVIII wieku. Naczynia wykonane z drewna lipowego zostały pokryte warstwą polichromii w kolorze czerwonym. Na brzuścu w owalnym, rokokowym, ozdobionym złotym ornamentem kartuszu umieszczono nazwy surowców, do których przechowywania były...

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Drewniane puszki apteczne pochodzą z drugiej połowy XVIII wieku. Naczynia wykonane z drewna lipowego zostały pokryte warstwą polichromii w kolorze czerwonym. Na brzuścu w owalnym, rokokowym, ozdobionym złotym ornamentem kartuszu umieszczono nazwy surowców, do których przechowywania były przeznaczone. „GUM LADANUM” (Gummi Ladanum) — żywica otrzymywana z rozmaitych gatunków czystka (np. Cistus creticus, L.) — stosowana była do wyrobu maści, plastrów, barwienia proszków do zębów na kolor czerwony, dodawana jako składnik teriaku oraz ze względu na zapach podobny do ambry używana do produkcji perfum. W drugim naczyniu przechowywano „COLLA  PISCUM” — klej rybi, syn. Ichtyocolla, karuk — oczyszczony i wysuszony pęcherz pławny jesiotrów. Był używany leczniczo w stanach zapalnych dróg oddechowych i przewodu pokarmowego. Karuk był też stosowany jako środek pomocniczy przy wyrobie galaretek, win, leczniczych czopków i gałek. Roztworu karuku w postaci kąpieli albo tzw. plastra angielskiego używano do leczenia oparzeń.

Opracowanie: Muzeum Farmacji Collegium Medicum UJ w Krakowie, © wszystkie prawa zastrzeżone

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Miss Pharmacist and pharmacy rooms at manor courts

All the medications that nowadays fill the surface of the drawer, formerly occupied an entire room. At the manors, these “first aid kits” contained natural ingredients, spices, liqueurs, vodkas, home-made brews and preserves.

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All the medications that nowadays fill the surface of the drawer, formerly occupied an entire room. At the manors, these “first aid kits” contained natural ingredients, spices, liqueurs, vodkas, home-made brews and preserves. Zygmunt Gloger, analysing the contents of the pharmacy rooms in the Old Polish Encyclopaedia, wrote:
“What – there was no rural pharmacy: the fat of various animals as medicines, dry reptiles, several dozen species of dried herbs, starting from linden flower, chamomile and mint, and ending with various dried fruits and rootlets. We did not forget about the March water from melted snow, which was thought to maintain a beautiful complexion for the fairer sex, and about rose water, which was sprinkled on the floor to lend rooms a pleasant aroma. Water for washing the face was also prepared from cucumbers. Only homemade vinegars were used: raspberry, relish, spinach, currant, barberry etc.”.
A well-stocked first-aid kit was particularly important in places far from the town, where the medic could not reach quickly enough.
Completing and supplementing its content was the housekeeper’s duty. Often, in the manors, the first aid kit was prepared by Mrs. Pharmacist – a poor relative who had no family of her own (this term even became a synonym for an old maid). As Glogger wrote:
“She had everything under her key, she kept everything and watched over the supply with everything, sometimes walking alone with the village girls to collect herbs”.
She was the one who gave first aid in emergency situations not only to the residents of the manor, but also to the surrounding villages.
The atmosphere of an old pharmacy, not only domestic ones, can be enjoyed while visiting the Museum of Pharmacy in Kraków, where an old herb dryer was restored in the attic.

We can find out how varied first-aid kits once were by browsing “the Tibetan Pharmacy” – a manuscript and a set of medicines.

Elaborated by: Editorial team of Malopolskas Virtual Museums,
Licencja Creative Commons

 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License.

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Wooden apothecary boxes from 18th century

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