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The presented repository, which comes from a hospital pharmacy, was used to store herbs. The names of medicinal raw materials are placed on the drawers equipped with iron baroque handles: “HB. HEDER” – common ivy (Hedera helix L.), “HB. HYOSCIAMI” – black henbane...

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The presented repository, which comes from a hospital pharmacy, was used to store herbs. The names of medicinal raw materials are placed on the drawers equipped with iron baroque handles: “HB. HEDER” – common ivy (Hedera helix L.), “HB. HYOSCIAMI” – black henbane (Hyoscyamus niger), “R. BARDANAE” – greater burdock root (Arctium lappa L.), “R. BISTORTA” – bistort root (Polygonum bistorta L), “HB. HYSOP” – hyssopb (Hyssopus officinalis), “HB. MALVAE” – common mallow (Malva sylvestris L.), “R. CHINAEN“ – Chinese smilax root (Smilax China L.), “R. CIHOREI” – common chicory root (Cichorium L.). This piece of furniture is a fragment of the monastery equipment of the Krakow Jesuit pharmacy, whose furnishings were handed over to the Sisters of Mercy, the so-called Szarytki, after the dissolution of the order in 1773. The nuns were entrusted with running a hospital pharmacy in the first clinical hospital established in Poland, called the Academic Hospital of St. Barbara. This hospital, initially located in the post-Jesuit building at the church of St. Barbara on the Small Market Square, was created thanks to the reform efforts of the National Education Commission, and, above all, the active attitude of Andrzej Badurski (1740–1789). In April 1788, he was transferred to the ) General Hospital of St. Lazarus, then established in Wesoła (now M. Kopernik St.). The pharmacy run by the Sisters of Mercy was also moved there.

Elaborated by the Museum of Pharmacy at the Jagiellonian University Medical College in Kraków, © all rights reserved

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Miss Pharmacist and pharmacy rooms at manor courts

All the medications that nowadays fill the surface of the drawer, formerly occupied an entire room. At the manors, these “first aid kits” contained natural ingredients, spices, liqueurs, vodkas, home-made brews and preserves.

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All the medications that nowadays fill the surface of the drawer, formerly occupied an entire room. At the manors, these “first aid kits” contained natural ingredients, spices, liqueurs, vodkas, home-made brews and preserves. Zygmunt Gloger, analysing the contents of the pharmacy rooms in the Old Polish Encyclopaedia , wrote:
“What – there was no rural pharmacy: the fat of various animals as medicines, dry reptiles, several dozen species of dried herbs, starting from linden flower, chamomile and mint, and ending with various dried fruits and rootlets. We did not forget about the March water from melted snow, which was thought to maintain a beautiful complexion for the fairer sex, and about rose water, which was sprinkled on the floor to lend rooms a pleasant aroma. Water for washing the face was also prepared from cucumbers. Only homemade vinegars were used: raspberry, relish, spinach, currant, barberry etc.”.
A well-stocked first-aid kit was particularly important in places far from the town, where the medic could not reach quickly enough.
Completing and supplementing its content was the housekeeper’s duty. Often, in the manors, the first aid kit was prepared by Mrs. Pharmacist – a poor relative who had no family of her own (this term even became a synonym for an old maid). As Glogger wrote:
“She had everything under her key, she kept everything and watched over the supply with everything, sometimes walking alone with the village girls to collect herbs”.
She was the one who gave first aid in emergency situations not only to the residents of the manor, but also to the surrounding villages.
The atmosphere of an old pharmacy, not only domestic ones, can be enjoyed while visiting the Museum of Pharmacy in Krakow, where an old herb dryer was restored in the attic.

We can find out how varied first-aid kits once were by browsing “the Tibetan Pharmacy” – a manuscript and a set of medicines.

Elaborated by: Editorial Team of Malopolskas Virtual Museums,
Licencja Creative Commons

 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License.

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Repository for different part of herbs

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