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Kraków’s bed made from soft wood has signature 1 in the collection of the Seweryn Udziela Ethnographic Museum in Kraków.  It was the first object, which started museum’s collection.

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Kraków’s bed made from soft wood has signature 1 in the collection of the Seweryn Udziela Ethnographic Museum in Kraków.  It was the first object, which started museum’s collection.
What feelings, associations, and emotions do they evoke today? Here, mundane everyday objects can be found, so common that they are almost imperceptible, and things that transport us to another reality: the reality of the theatre, fun, holidays and the sacred. Specimens brought from distant parts of the world and seized fragments of everyday life.
Each object is a starting point for a story. A story about the courage of imagination, scientific passions, travels, discoveries, distant expeditions... About war wanderings, exile, forced emigration... About social uprisings, the fashions popular at elite salons, fascination with art and the forms of unique and common things. About overcoming weaknesses, facing adversity, and providing assistance, as well as about philanthropy and efforts to change the harsh reality. About curiosity for the world, exploring its diversity, inspiring meetings which open new horizons, and concern for the preservation of various testimonies of our lives.
It is probably a good beginning of the story about the establishment of the Ethnographic Museum in Kraków...

Elaborated by the Seweryn Udziela Ethnographic Museum in Kraków, © all rights reserved

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What does a Cracovian hut hide?

What rooms were there in a Cracovian hut? What furnishings and fittings did it contain? The colourful descriptions by Seweryn Udziela provide the best guide on the imaginative wanderings of the inhabitants of villages in the vicinity of Kraków.
With regard to the inhabitants themselves, he wrote as follows:
„A Cracovian is a man of medium height, broad-shouldered, muscular, stocky, with a beautiful, shapely head, an oval face with beautiful, gentle features, his eyes are blue and his nose prominent. The hair, which is always bright among children, becomes dimmer later on, hence, people here are mostly dark-haired (...). Their facial features are handsome; sometimes men are prettier than women”...

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What rooms were there in a Cracovian hut? What furnishings and fittings did it contain? The colourful descriptions by Seweryn Udziela provide the best guide on the imaginative wanderings of the inhabitants of villages in the vicinity of Kraków.
With regard to the inhabitants themselves, he wrote as follows:
„A Cracovian is a man of medium height, broad-shouldered, muscular, stocky, with a beautiful, shapely head, an oval face with beautiful, gentle features, his eyes are blue and his nose prominent. The hair, which is always bright among children, becomes dimmer later on, hence, people here are mostly dark-haired (...). Their facial features are handsome; sometimes men are prettier than women”[1].
By following Udziela’s description, we may also visit a Cracovian hut:
Kraków Bronowice cottage (...) is usually arranged as follows: looking at it from the front, we see a room inside, which has two identical windows, six panes in each of them; one enters the room through the hallway, which is located to the right of it and runs through the entire hut. Opposite the hallway, there is a wardrobe. On the left side of the room, separated from it only by a wall, there is a stable with an entrance from the front of the hut. Sometimes, behind the stable under the same thatched roof, there is also a chamber where cereals are threshed, and the sheaves are stored in the attic, «upstairs», as they say here”[2].

And to stop in the room for a few moments:
„What is striking in the room is, above all, a series of holy images placed above the windows along the entire wall under the ceiling, a table, bench, chest, stools, a cupboard for the dishes and beds, all painted in floral motives; the beds are made with thick pillows and quilts, over them, on the wall, there hangs everyday clothing, next to it, there is a cradle, also painted”[3].

Elaborated by Editorial team of Małopolskas Virtual Museums,
Licencja Creative Commons

 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License.

[1] S. Udziela, Krakowiacy, Krakow 1924, p. 9.
[2] Ibidem, p. 13.
[3] Ibidem, p. 19.

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Recent comments

Ola Kwiatkowska
21/08/15 10:20
Świetny jest ten model

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