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- Date of production May 1945
- Place of creation London, Great Britain
- ID no. MAK/35/M
- Object copyright The Museum of the Home Army dedicated Gen. Emil Fieldorf “Nil”
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums project
This uniform is a gift from the General's son — Adam Komorowski. The man who wore this uniform is a perfect illustration of Poland's fate in the1st half of the 20th century. Tadeusz Komorowski a.k.a. Bór was born in 1895. During World War I, he served in the Austro-Hungarian army and then, from 1918, in the Polish army...more
This uniform is a gift from the General's son — Adam Komorowski. The man who wore this uniform is a perfect illustration of Poland's fate in the 1st half of the 20th century. Tadeusz Komorowski a.k.a. Bór was born in 1895. During World War I, he served in the Austro-Hungarian army and then, from 1918, in the Polish army. He participated in the Polish-Soviet War. In the interwar period, he held a number of various leadership positions, the most important ones included Commander of the 9th Cavalry Regiment of Uhlans, the Commander of the Cavalry Training Centre in Grudziądz. He also participated in the 1924 Olympic Games in Paris in horse-riding and headed the Polish horse-riding team at the 1936 Berlin Olympic Games, his team having won a silver medal. He was the Commander of the Silesia and Krakow Region of the Union of Armed Struggle, and from July 1941 the Deputy General Commandant of the Union of Armed Struggle-Home Army and simultaneously the Commander of the Western Region of the Union of Armed Struggle-Home Army. After the Germans arrested Stefan Grot Rowecki, Komorowski was appointed the Home Army's General Commanding Officer, acting in this capacity until the fall of the Warsaw Uprising (2 October 1944). He was then imprisoned by the Germans himself. Even before the surrender of the Warsaw Uprising on 30 September 1944, he was appointed the Chief Commander of the Polish Armed Forces; when freed he actually acted in this capacity from May 1946 to November 1946; later from July 1947 to April 1949, he acted as the Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile. He was one of the leading personalities on the Polish political scene in exile. He died in 1966.
The suit dates back to the time when Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski acted as the Chief Commander of the Polish Armed Forces. The suit was composed of a British trench coat made of olive green worsted wool and trousers made of a similar material and designed to match the jacket. Note the upper part of the collar lapels that include velvet general's tabs (design of 1941) with a crimson cloth inset with the general's eagle embroidered on it with a silver thread. Just below the set-in edges, both sleeves have amaranthine cloth stripes with the inscription, “POLAND”, embroidered with a silver thread. Such badges were worn by all soldiers of the Polish Armed Forces in the West as a way of identifying their nationality. Since the soldiers used British suits and equipment, the badge was meant to serve as an element that clearly defined the soldier's belonging to the Polish Armed Forces. An additional feature on the upper-left pocket is the officer’s commemorative badge of the 9th Regiment of Uhlans, where Bór-Komorowski acted as Deputy Commander and, between 1928 and 1938, Commander.
Elaborated by the Museum of the Home Army dedicated Gen. Emil Fieldorf “Nil”, © all rights reserved