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The representation on the bandages illustrates a fragment of chapter 125 of the Book of the Dead, the scene of “weighing hearts”. The Book is a set of formulas and spells, which are supposed to help the deceased to achieve eternal life in another world and to put down the demons of darkness, but foremost to be favourably judged of Osiris. The figures shown on the bandages, usually 42 of them, picture the Egyptian nomes, which functioned simultaneously as religious centers. The judges of the Tribunal of Two Justices are the same time the guardians of the sinners.

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Fragment of a textile that was part of the mummy wrapping bandages. The symbolic front of a temple in the form of a fluted cornice is shown on the preserved part of the bandages, the cornice supported on a papyrus column (the opposite column was presumably found in the part of the representation that is now lost). Inside the “building” there are two rows of mummiform figures: 15 deities in the upper register, 19 in the bottom one. All are turned to the left, all have a feather of Maat, symbol of justice, on their hand, while holding in their hands knives used to “cut justice”. The right-hand side of the bandage is filled with a Hieratic inscription (a sort of hieroglyphic writing) composed of eight horizontal lines. 
The representation on the bandages illustrates a fragment of chapter 125 of the Book of the Dead, the scene of “weighing hearts”. The Book is a set of formulas and spells, which are supposed to help the deceased to achieve eternal life in another world and to put down the demons of darkness, but foremost to be favourably judged of Osiris. The figures shown on the bandages, usually 42 of them, picture the Egyptian nomes, which functioned simultaneously as religious centers. The judges of the Tribunal of Two Justices are the same time the guardians of the sinners.
 
Elaborated by Krzysztof Babraj (Archaeological Museum in Kraków), translated by Iwona Zych, © all rights reserved
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Fragment of bandage of a mummy

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