List of all exhibits. Click on one of them to go to the exhibit page. The topics allow exhibits to be selected by their concept categories. On the right, you can choose the settings of the list view.

The list below shows links between exhibits in a non-standard way. The points denote the exhibits and the connecting lines are connections between them, according to the selected categories.

Enter the end dates in the windows in order to set the period you are interested in on the timeline.

Views: 3116
(Votes: 2)
The average rating is 5.0 stars out of 5.
Print metrics
Print description

Treasure consists of objects found that had been collected and deliberately hidden (deposited), usually in the ground, for some specific reason. Deposits of treasure from the Bronze and early Iron Age are especially numerous; these usually included ornaments, tools, weapons and sometimes bronze vessels.

more

Treasure consists of objects found that had been collected and deliberately hidden (deposited), usually in the ground, for some specific reason. Deposits of treasure from the Bronze and early Iron Age are especially numerous; these usually included ornaments, tools, weapons and sometimes bronze vessels.
The bronze treasure from Stefkowa was accidentally discovered during the construction of the Budapest–Lviv railway line in the early 1870s. The buyer distributed it between five museums. The treasure consisted of eighteen bronze objects, some of which went to the Archaeological Museum in Kraków. These included: four ice axes, two bracelets, five arm-pieces, and one shield (most likely a fragment of the arm-piece). The ice axes are large objects richly ornamented, with a length of up to 30 cm and a weight of 330 to 460 g. The bracelets are also decorated. The arm-pieces with spiral shields also look impressive. All items were made of bronze (copper-tin alloy in a ratio of 9:1).
The objects under discussion were made in workshops located to the south of the Carpathians, probably in Slovakia, in the 15th to 14th centuries BC. Detailed description of the elements included in the treasure are as follows:

Ice axes:

  • ice axe with shield-like head (Tachlovice type); sleeve, blade and ornamented disc; length: 28.8 cm, weight: 332.1 g
  • ice axe with shield-like obituary (Tachlovice type); bushing, blade and ornamented disc; damaged (broken), reconstructed; length: 28.5 cm, weight: 380.6 g
  • ice axe with shield-like obituary (Tachlovice type); bushing, blade and ornamented disc; damaged (broken), reconstructed; length: 28.9 cm, weight: 412. 3 g
  • ice axe with shield-like obituary (Tachlovice type); not ornamented; blade broken off at the end; length: 24.5 cm, weight: 461.5 g

 Bracelets:

  • open, oval bracelet, from a rod with a round intersection, ornamented; diameter: 7.7 cm, weight: 117 g
  • open, oval bracelet, from a rod with a round intersection, ornamented; diameter: 7.4 cm, weight: 106 g

Arm-pieces:

  • arm-piece with spiral shields (Ighiel-Zajta type), turning left; damaged; diameter: 10.8 cm, weight: 222 g
  • arm-piece with spiral shields (Ighiel-Zajta type), turning right; damaged; diameter: 11.7 cm, weight: 272.4 g
  • arm-piece with spiral shields (Ighiel-Zajta type), laevorotatory; preserved shield with a fragment of the rim; shield diameter: 6 cm, rod length: 12.5 cm, weight: 172.6 g
  • arm-piece with spiral shields (Ighiel-Zajta type) of different proportions, from a thinner circular in the crosssection of the rod, dextrorotary; diameter: 10.3 cm, weight: 81.7 g
  • arm-piece with spiral shields (Ighiel-Zajta type), also made of a thinner rod, but completely square in intersection (the others have only shields from a rod with such intersections); diameter: 9.8 cm, weight: 129.3 g

Shields:

  • a fragment of the laevorotatory spiral shield (most probably a fragment of the arm-piece); diameter: 3.4 cm, weight: 24.7 g

Elaborated by Joanna Arct (Archaeological Museum of Kraków), © all rights reserved

less

Real treasure

Everyone has got his or her own treasures; small children bury a small glass object in the ground, placing flowers, twigs, and beads under it. The greatest joy is to dig them out – usually by accident, already when they are forgotten, although sometimes it is difficult to stop curiosity and abstain from checking whether the secret is still there...

more

Everyone has got his or her own treasures; small children bury a small glass object in the ground, placing flowers, twigs, and beads under it. The greatest joy is to dig them out – usually by accident, already when they are forgotten, although sometimes it is difficult to stop curiosity and abstain from checking whether the “secret“ is still there.
The work of an archaeologist is like the extension of childhood – excavating and discovering. Valuables purposely hidden in the past and found after centuries are described as treasures or hoards. The hoard from Witów, the hoard from Nowa Huta–Pleszów, the hoard from Stefkowa, the hoard from Kanonicza Street.
What are the treasures from the collection of Małopolska’s Virtual Museums?
The hoard from Witów consists of only four gold coins. They were struck in the period when the Roman Empire was already divided into two parts. In the east Theodosius II (408–450) was the emperor, whereas in the west – Valentinian III (425–455).
Along with the find from Witów, a part of the hoard from Kanonicza Street can also be seen in the collection of Małopolska’s Virtual Museums. The treasure contains 4212 bars (grzywna, so-called commodity money) of a total weight of about 3630 kg!
The hoard from Stefkowa contains mainly elements of jewellery from the Bronze Age. This metal – an alloy of copper and tin – was one of the most valued at that time. Although being tiny, the objects must have been of great value for their owner to have been hidden so scrupulously, thanks to which they survived hidden in the ground for as long as 3500 thousand years.
Our collection also boasts the hoard from Nowa Huta–Pleszów. In a clay pot from the Piast period over 2 kg of coins and valuables, including cast silver nuggets, were hidden.
The idea of a treasure referring to the value of material was changing throughout the centuries – bronze, gold, silver, iron… Today, messages for the next generations are still being sent, e.g., by cultivating the tradition of placing documents in the globe of a church tower, thus recording the traces which will allow one to retrace a picture of our epoch in the future. How will our times be evaluated? What conclusions will be drawn by historians and archaeologists?
We invite you to discover these real treasures in our collection. Perhaps for some this will be a glass feudal coin from the 17th century or a Celtic glass bead seen from a short distance.

Elaborated by Editorial team of Małopolska’s Virtual Museums,
Licencja Creative Commons

 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License.

less

Bronze hoard from Stefkowa

Pictures

Links

Game


Recent comments

Add comment: