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- Author none (reconstructed by Lubow Kłoczko)
- Date of production 1st half of the 3rd century BC
- Place of creation Scythia — area of the Ukrainian steppe; the gold ornaments were probably made in Greek colonies on the Black Sea
- Dimensions height: the robe belonged to a woman who was approximately 145 cm tall
- ID no. MAK/3597
- Object copyright Archaeological Museum in Kraków
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums project
Since 1887 the collection of the Archaeological Museum of Kraków has boasted the equipment of a rich Scythian female tomb situated under the mound of a kurgan, examined in Ryzhanovka near Zvenyhorodka in Ukraine by Gotfryd Ossowski, the first curator of the Museum of National Antiquities (from which today’s Archaeological Museum has originated) at the Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences in Kraków.more
Since 1887 the collection of the Archaeological Museum of Kraków has boasted the equipment of a rich Scythian female tomb situated under the mound of a kurgan, examined in Ryzhanovka near Zvenyhorodka in Ukraine by Gotfryd Ossowski, the first curator of the Museum of National Antiquities (from which today’s Archaeological Museum has originated) at the Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences in Kraków. The female skeleton discovered in this tomb was strewn with gold decorations being appliqués of a parade costume as well as with jewels (over 440 items). Next to it, there were various vessels and objects lying on the ground, including the silver mug presented on our website.
In 1999 the Archaeological Museum of Kraków prepared the exhibition, Tutanhamon ukraińskich stepów [Tutankhamun of the Ukrainian Grasslands], dedicated to the results of the research on this kurgan conducted in 1995–1998 by the expedition organised by the Institute of Archaeology at the Jagiellonian University, the Institute of Archaeology at NAN Ukraine [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine] and the Archaeological Museum of Kraków. The exhibition presented the reconstructed tomb of the princess and her parade costume in which she had been buried. The parade costume of the deceased princess consisted of a dress, assumedly of a red colour, a red headgear (a kalpak?) and a pink veil. On all of the parts of this costume, numerous gold appliqués of various shapes — a total number of 440 items and a total weight of about 400 g — were sewn. Particularly rich with gold ornaments was the headgear with a diadem, bands with an anthropomorphic and geometric ornament as well as a band with an artistic pendant. Also, the dress of the deceased was richly decorated, covered with gold triangles and rosettes on the breasts and sleeves.
The jewellery of the princess consisted of two gold earrings in the form of gryphons with raised wings standing on bases, a gold necklace to which two blown pendants were attached, a gold bracelet of a wire rolled in four scrolls, a silver four-scrolled bracelet, nine gold rings (three made Panticapaeum coins, two signet rings with drawings, three smooth rings and one with an eye made of a piece of limestone).
Gold ornaments were assumedly made in Greek colonies on the Black Sea. The presented reconstruction of the costume of the deceased was created by Lubow Klotchko from the Museum of Historical Valuables in Kiev (with modifications by Jan Chochorowski and Siergiej Skory; reconstruction performed by Marzena Sawicz).
Elaborated by the Archaeological Museum in Kraków, © all rights reserved