List of all exhibits. Click on one of them to go to the exhibit page. The topics allow exhibits to be selected by their concept categories. On the right, you can choose the settings of the list view.
The list below shows links between exhibits in a non-standard way. The points denote the exhibits and the connecting lines are connections between them, according to the selected categories.
Enter the end dates in the windows in order to set the period you are interested in on the timeline.
- Date of production 2nd half of the 9th century
- Place of creation Kraków
- ID no. K: 14807 MAK/K/686/23
- Branch Dział Krakowa Przedlokacyjnego
- Object copyright Archaeological Museum in Kraków
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums project
This treasure was found during rescue investigations in the basements of the backyard annex at 13 Kanonicza Street in Kraków in 1979. The deposit fell under the core of the early medieval bank of Okol. It was hidden in a pit measuring 108 x 210 cm, at a depth of about 100 cm, under walls partially covered with oak and fir wood...more
This treasure was found during rescue investigations in the basements of the backyard annex at 13 Kanonicza Street in Kraków in 1979. The deposit fell under the core of the early medieval bank of Okol. It was hidden in a pit measuring 108 x 210 cm, at a depth of about 100 cm, under walls partially covered with oak and fir wood (a kind of box protecting the walls of the pit).
The treasure included 4,212 so-called payables, with a total weight of 3,630 kg. Forfeits are iron bars with one end formed into a long, leafy blade, while the other is provided with a small hole with tapped side walls and an expanded back wall (sash). Most of the forfeits were forged from one piece of metal; about 25—30% were made of two different size pieces of iron shale, and sometimes also from several—or more than a dozen — pieces of metal.
Iron forfeits were a form of raw material destined for further processing by blacksmiths working far from deposits of raw materials and metallurgical centres. The specificity of early medieval metallurgy meant that the forfeits had enormous material value and, in many transactions, could be used as a common equivalent and measure of value. In the early Middle Ages, the treasure discovered at today's 13 Kanonicza Street had a value corresponding to a few kilograms of gold, or a cattle herd of about 300 head.
Elaborated by Michał Zaitz (Archaeological Museum in Kraków), © all rights reserved